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HI 

H aryland 

HV 

II 6793 

.M3S74 

1986 
r ol io 




1986 

UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 



CRIME 

IN 
MARYLAND 



STATE OF MARYLAND 
I CRIMINAL RECORDS CENTRAL REPOSITORY 



7 



3JJ ra|MB$3Mt 



1975 - 1986 



Members of the Criminal Records -Central Repository express 
their sympathy to the families of the following Maryland law en- 
forcement officers who were killed in the line of duty: 



Mart Hudson, Jr. 
Wallace Johnson Mowbray 
Timothy B. Ridenour 
Donald Ralph Kline 
John E. Daly, Jr. 
John M. Frontczak 
Jimmy D. Halcomb 
Mark C. Featherstone 
Dennis L. Riley 
Paul N. Mitchell 
Charles A. Huckeba 
Gregg A. Presbury 
Edgar J. Rumpf 
Albert M. Claggett IV 
James B. Swart 
Nelson F. Bell, Jr. 
David G. Levingood 
John E. Spencer 
William P. Mills 
George Morris 



William D. Albers 
Antonio M. Kelsey 
Philip C. Metz 
Ronald Tracey 
Raymond Hubbard 
Allen Johnson 
Gary L. Wade 
Richard Beavers 
Carlton Fletcher 
Samuel Snyder 
Robert John King 
Marcellus Ward 
Vincent Lear 
Gregory Alan May 
Cary Suzanne Poetzman 
Richard T. Miller 
Robert T. Pyles 
Robert Alexander 
Robert W. Zimmerman 




S 




Um MARYLAND 



1986 






STATE 

OF 

MARYLAND 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 



WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER, Governor 



BISHOP L. ROBINSON, Secretary, 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services 

^2 JOHN J. O'NEILL, Acting Superintendent, 

Maryland State Police 



5" <~? ■ 



CRIMINAL RECORDS 
CENTRAL REPOSITORY 



LAMONT EDWARDS, Director 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTING 

SECTION 

3 1M3D 0E5bS301 N 3 1M3D 0Z5bfl301 N 



a31^3002S68301^b a31^3002S68301^b 

UMIV Of MO COlLfOE FMK umiv Of MO COU.EOE H>l 



EDGAR WHITEMAN, Assistant Director 

ROBERT J. SPANGLER, Administrative Officer 

JOHN VESPA, Field Records Representative 

ELEANOR MERCER, Statistical Assistant 

BEATRICE SHAPIRO, Office Secretary 

DENISE SCHERER, Office Clerk 




WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER 
GOVERNOR 



M.FLVIN A STEINBERG 
LT. GOVERNOR 



STATE OF MARYLAND 

DEPARTMENT OF 
PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 

MARYLAND STATE POLICE 

PIKESVILLE, MARYLAND 21206-3899 

AREA CODE 301 486-3101 

TTY FOR DEAF AREA CODE 301 486-0677 



July 20, 1987 



BISHOP L ROBINSON 

SECRETARY 

PUBLIC SAFETY AND 

CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 

JOHN J O'NEILL 
ACTING SUPERINTENDENT 
MARYLAND STATE POLICE 



The Honorable William Donald Schaefer 

Governor of Maryland 

State House 

Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Schaefer : 

Pursuant to Article 88B, Sections 9 and 10, of 
the Annotated Code of Maryland, the Maryland State Police 
respectfully submits the 1986 Uniform Crime Report for 
your information and review. 

The information presented here represents the 
twelfth annual report produced by the Maryland Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program. The statistics presented were 
compiled from monthly reports submitted to Criminal Records - 
Central Repository by all law enforcement agencies through- 
out Maryland. Every effort has been made to verify the 
accuracy and completeness of the published information. 

This information is presented with the hope that 
it will be of valuable assistance to law enforcement per- 
sonnel and members of the Executive and Legislative branches 
of government. It should be helpful in planning programs 
and legislation to combat criminal activity in Maryland. 

Sincerely, 



J JO ' N : imp 
Enclosure 



Acting Superintendent 




ICaui lEnfaro mntt (Eoto ai iEtljtra 

Aa a Ham Enfarrromtt (§i i trrr, mf f„„ja*.,niJ J..^ u t. 

Serve mankind; to safeguard lives ana property; to protect the innocent against 
deception, the weak against oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful 
against violence or disorder; and to respect the (constitutional rights of all 
men to liberty, eaualily and justice. 



Cain i ou ra- 



il lUtll heep my private life unsullied as an example to all; mainlc 
geous calm in the face of danger, Scorn, or ridicule; develop Self-restraint; and 
be constantly mindful of the welfare of others, ^rronesl in thought and deed 
in both mu personal and official life, _y will be exemplary in obeying the laws 
of the land and the regulations of my department. Whatever Js See or hear of 
a confidential nature or that is confided to me in my official capacity will be 
Kept ever Secret unless revelation is necessary in the performance of my duty. 



amnios- 



II tlllll never act officiously or permit personal feelings, prejudices, 
ities or friendships to influence my decisions. With no compromise for crime 
and with relentless prosecution of criminals, >_/ wilt enforce the law courteously 
and appropriately without fear or favor, malice or ill will, never employing 
unnecessary force or violence and never accepting gratuities. 

j| rCrUUUtEC the badge of my office as a Symbol of public faith, and 
_/ accept it as a public trust to be held so long as ^f am true to the ethics of 
the police service. ^V will constantly strive to achieve these objectives and ideals, 
dedicating myself before (jod to my chosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



TV 



I ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 

On behalf of all the Maryland State Uniform Crime Contri- 
butors, a special appreciation is extended to the following for their 
continued support of the program: 

Chief Russell E. Wroten 
Cambridge Police Department 

Sheriff Jack DeWitt 
Cecil County Sheriff's Office 

Sheriff James F. Gartland 
Charles County Sheriff's Office 

Sheriff Martin Van Evans 
Garrett County Sheriff's Office 

Chief J. R. Craze 
Greenbelt Police Department 

Chief Robert M. Kaiser 
Laurel Police Department 

Chief Lee Duggan 
Ocean City Police Department 

General Boyd Cook 

Sgt/Major Charles Frick 

Pikesville Military Reservation 

Sheriff Charles F. Mades 
Washington County Sheriff's Office 

Our U.C.R. and C.J.I.S. Seminars continue to be a huge success 
thanks to their generosity and willingness to assist. 

A special appreciation is extended to Captain Thomas W. Scho- 
field of the Charles County Sheriff's Office and Barbara Grimes of the 
Ocean City Police Department for acquiring seminar locations, without 
which many agencies would not have been able to participate. Thanks 
again for a job well done. 

As always, a special thanks is in order for Mr. Richard Tam- 
berrino of the Maryland Department of Public Safety & Correctional 
Services for his annual assistance in the preparation of the Crime in 
Maryland Book. Thanks is also extended to Mr. Ray Franklin, Ms Roberta 
Gracie and the staff of the Maryland Police Training Commission. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Letter of Transmittal i i i 

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics iv 

Acknowledgement v 

Introduction 3 

Classification of Offenses 11 

Crime Factors 19 

Crime Index 21 

Maryl and Offense Data 25 

Crime Index Offenses 27 

Murder 36 

Rape 42 

Robbery 46 

Aggravated Assault 52 

Breaking or Entering 56 

Larceny 62 

Motor Vehicle Theft 68 

Arson 72 

Index Offense Data 77 

Municipality Crime Rates Ill 

Maryland Arrest Data 122 

Law Enforcement Empl oyee Data 133 

Law Enforcement Officers Killed 135 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted 137 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 149 



VI 



LIST OF TABLES AND CHARTS 

Crime Index and Clearances for Maryland 1 

Maryland UCR System Flow 9 

Crime Index Offenses-Volume by Month 30 

Violent Crime-Vol ume by Month 31 

Property Crime-Volume by Month 32 

Stolen Property-Analysis of Value Stolen & Recovered 33 

Murder-Vol ume by Month 38 

Murder-Distribution by Circumstances 39 

Murder-Distribution by Type of Weapon 40 

Rape-Vol ume by Month 44 

Robbery- Vol ume by Month 49 

Robbery-Distributicn by Nature 50 

Aggravated Assault-Volume by Month 54 

Breaking or Entering-Vol ume by Month 58 

Breaking or Entering-Distribution by Nature 59 

Larceny-Vol ume by Month 64 

Larceny-5 Year Distribution by Nature 65 

Motor Vehicle Theft-Volume by Month 70 

Arson -Vol ume by Month 74 

Arson-Distribution by Type of Property 75 

Maryland UCR Crime Index Report by Region, County, 

& Agency 80 

Municipality Crime Index 112 

Arrests-Juvenile 125 

Arrests-Adult 126 

Arrest Rate-5 Year Trend 127 

Arrests-Sex & Race of Persons Arrested 129 

Arrests-Age of Persons Arrested 1 30 

Maryland Arrest Report by Region, County & Agency (See Supplemental Report) 

Police Assaul ted-Circumstance 138 

Police Assaul ted-Time of Day 138 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted-By Agency 139 

Law Enforcement Employee Rates 150 

Law Enforcement Data by Agency 151 

Sworn Law Enforcement Employee Data-10 Year County Trend .. 157 



vn 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/stateofmarylandu1986stat 



I] 



CRIME INDEX FOR MARYLAND 



10 YEAR TREND 







TOTAL 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 












Murder 














Offenses 




3,799 


399 


350 


354 


367 


4 31 


422 


399 


406 


338 


333 


Rate per 100,000 


Inhabitants 


8.9 


8.9 


8.0 


8.1 


8.5 


10.1 


9.9 


9.5 


9.8 


8.2 


8.0 


Percent Cleared 




80 


73 


78 


82 


77 


81 


81 


77 


76 


81 


83 


National Average 




73 


70 


72 


74 


76 


74 


72 


72 


73 


76 


75 












Rape 
















Offenses 




16,197 


1 ,947 


1,711 


1 ,644 


1,412 


1,596 


1,663 


1,681 


1,628 


1 ,476 


1,439 


Rate per 100,000 


Inhabitants 


75.9 


87.3 


77.9 


75.6 


65.7 


74.8 


78.1 


80.2 


78.5 


71.3 


69.5 


Percent Cleared 




58 


60 


59 


56 


59 


58 


58 


54 


57 


56 


58 


National Average 




51 


52 


54 


54 


52 


51 


48 


49 


48 


50 


51 












Robbery 














Offenses 




143,504 


13,570 


13,276 


13,113 


14,950 


15,377 


18,095 


16,462 


13,745 


12,828 


12,088 


Rate per 100,000 


Inhabitants 


335.7 


304.1 


302.3 


301.5 


347.7 


360.5 


424.7 


392.7 


331.1 


309.6 


292.1 


Percent Cleared 




25 


24 


24 


26 


25 


25 


23 


23 


26 


27 


29 


National Average 




25 


25 


25 


26 


26 


25 


24 


24 


25 


26 


27 










Aggravated 


Assault 














Offenses 




181 ,624 


21,226 


21 ,425 


19,369 


18,007 


18,845 


17,691 


17,182 


17,337 


15,686 


14,856 


Rate per 100,000 


Inhabitants 


425.0 


475.6 


487.8 


445.4 


418.8 


441.9 


415.2 


409.9 


417.9 


378.6 


358.9 


Percent Cleared 




57 


62 


58 


54 


55 


54 


55 


57 


56 


59 


63 


National Average 




60 


59 


62 


61 


61 


60 


58 


59 


59 


62 


62 












Burglary 














Offenses 




594,894 


55,596 


53,168 


51,498 


52,697 


60,547 


70,762 


71,130 


62,657 


58,901 


57,938 


Rate per 1 00,000 


Inhabitants 


1 ,397.5 


1 ,245.7 


1 ,210.6 


1 ,184.1 


1 ,225.5 


1,419.6 


1,660.7 


1,696.8 


1 ,510.2 


1 ,421.7 


1 ,399.8 


Percent Cleared 




18 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


19 


20 


22 


National Average 




15 


14 


14 


14 


15 


15 


14 


14 


15 


16 


16 












Larceny 















Offenses 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Percent Cleared 

National Average 



1,368,502 132,899 126,193 123,625 127,443 142,903 152,544 152,089 145-.278 134,012 131,516 

3,213.1 2,977.8 2,874.6 2,842.6 2,963.8 3,350.6 3,580.0 3,628.1 3,501.5 3,234.7 3,177.5 

18 18 18 18 19 18 18 18 18 19 19 

19 20 20 20 19 19 19 18 19 20 20 



Offenses 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Percent Cleared 

National Average 



Motor Vehicle Theft 

187,206 24,331 20,265 17,284 15,688 16,719 

438.6 545.2 461.4 397.4 364.8 392.0 

17 17 17 16 15 15 

15 15 15 15 15 14 



18,486 


18,885 


20', 21 7 


17,599 


17,732 


433.8 


450.5 


487.3 


424.8 


428.4 


17 


16 


18 


20 


22 


14 


14 


14 


15 


15 



Offenses 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Percent Cleared 

National Average 



Grand Total 

2,495,726 249,968 236,388 226,887 230,564 256,418 279,663 277,828 261,268 240,840 235,902 

5,857.5 5,600.9 5,382.2 5,217.0 5,362.0 6,012.2 6,563.3 6,627.6 6,297.2 5,813.2 5,699.5 

22 22 21 21 20 22 23 24 

21 21 20 19 19 20 21 21 



22 

20 



22 

21 



22 
21 



INTRODUCTION 

The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program is one of the 
steps that have been taken in the establishment of an effective State- 
wide Criminal Justice Information System. This particular phase of 
the CJIS is oriented toward law enforcement and has brought about a 
statewide uniform method of collecting crime statistical data, pro- 
ducing a consolidated annual report concerning crime in Maryland, and 
reporting statewide crime statistics from a single agency to the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation. 

National Uniform Crime Reporting Program 

The counterpart of the statewide UCR Program is the National 
UCR Program which is under the direction of the Federal Bureau of In- 
vestigation. This national program is the result of a need for nation- 
wide and uniform compilation of law enforcement statistics. Uniform 
Crime Reports were first collected in 1930 after being developed by 
a committee of the International Association of Chiefsof Police. 

Today the IACP continues to serve in an advisory capacity 
to the FBI in its operation of the program. 

Crime statistics voluntarily submitted by individual law 
enforcement agencies from all fifty states are presented annually in 
the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports Publication entitled "Crime in the 
United States". 

In the last several years the FBI has been actively assis- 
ting individual states in the development of statewide programs of 
law enforcement statistics compatible with the National UCR Program. 
In taking advantage of the invaluable assistance provided, Maryland 
has developed its own statewide program for collection of law enforce- 
ment statistics. 



Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program 

The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program involves the 
uniform compilation, classification, and analysis of crime statistics 
reported by all law enforcement agencies of the state pursuant to 
guides and regulations prescribed by law. 

The responsibility and authority for collection and dissemi- 
nation of UCR data was given to the Maryland Department of Public 
Safety and Correctional Services (State Police) under Article 88B, 
Sections 9 and 10, of the Annotated Code of Maryland. The UCR Program 
became operational January 1, 1975. 



Purpose and Objectives 

In keeping with the recommendation of the President's Com- 
mission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, the 
Maryland UCR Program was planned for eventual growth into a complete 
and integrated offender based Criminal Justice Information System. 
Under this program, each offender arrested in Maryland will be tracked 
through the entire criminal justice system from time of arrest through 
the courts to the correctional system where his exit (Parole, expira- 
tion of sentence, etc.) will be recorded. In this manner, a complete 
"criminal history" on individual offenders will be available for use 
by the police, courts, and correctional agencies in Maryland. In 
addition, statistical data derived from the CJIS Program will provide 
assistance in determining the overall efficiency of the -criminal jus- 
tice system in Maryland and will make effective management studies 
possible. 



are 



The fundamental objectives of the Maryland UCR Program 



1. Inform the governor, legislature, other governmental 
officials, and the public as to the nature of the 
crime problem in Maryland - its magnitude and its 
trends . 

2. Provide law enforcement administrators with criminal 
statistics for administrative and operational use. 

3. Determine who commits crimes by age, sex, race and 
other attributes in order to find the proper focus 
for crime prevention and enforcement. 

4. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
workload and effectiveness of Maryland's Criminal 
Justice System. 

5. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
effects of prevention and deterrence programs. 

6. Provide base data and statistics for research to 
improve the efficiency, effectiveness and perfor- 
mance of criminal justice agencies. 

7. Provide base data to assist in the assessment of 
social and other causes of crime for the develop- 
ment of theories of criminal behavior. 

8. Provide the FBI with complete UCR data to be in- 
cluded in the national crime reports. 



Development 

Effective September 1972, the first federal grant was 
awarded to the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Servi- 
ces. (State Police) by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration 
to provide money to initiate a Statewide Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program in Maryland. A committee for the implementation of this 
Program was then established by State Police. 

The committee made studies of the federal program, as well 
as several state UCR Programs, which were operational at that time. 
Forms, tally books, and the Maryland UCR Manual were developed, printed 
and distributed to all contributing agencies. Questionnaires concerning 
each law enforcement agency's record keeping systems were distributed 
to determine their capability to fully participate in the State Program. 

In September 1974, an additional grant was awarded to the 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (State Police) 
by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration for the purpose of 
hiring Field Records Representatives to serve as liaison officers 
between the State Program and the contributing law enforcement agen- 
cies. Also, additional clerical support for the State Program was 
provided in the grant. 

During the developmental phase, several workshops were 
held in various parts of the State to present the UCR Program in 
detail to participating agencies. Since that time, supplemental 
workshops have been held as needed. 

During 1975, the first year of operating, the UCR Staff 
concentrated its efforts in assisting requesting law enforcement 
agencies in devising or improving their record keeping systems. 
The UCR Staff continued to keep the agencies trained in UCR and 
to provide assistance where needed. Agencies contributing to the 
UCR Program have increased from 102 agencies in 1975 to 128 in 
1986. The UCR Section collects crime information from these 128 
agencies and publishes quarterly releases reflecting crime trends. 
In addition, this is the twelfth annual report produced by the UCR 
Staff containing an in-depth analysis of all information collected 
in the UCR Program. 

During 1986, statistics were collected concerning Battered 
Spouses and a ninth Maryland Battered Spouse Report was produced. 

Reporting Procedures 

Under the. Maryland UCR Program, law enforcement agencies 

are required to submit specified Uniform Crime Reports. The necessary 

information for each of the required reports is gathered from each 

agency's record of complaints, investigations and arrests. 



For those agencies desiring assistance in developing sound record 
systems, or improving their present system, a copy of the FBI's 
Manual of Police Records has been provided, along with training of 
records personnel by UCR Field Representatives. 

Crime data and information is submitted by state, county, 
and municipal law enforcement agencies on a daily, monthly, and 
annual basis. The daily report consists of the fingerprints of all 
persons arrested, detained, or charged with any crime or offense in 
Maryland. 

On a monthly basis, organized state, municipal, and county 
law enforcement agencies report the number of offenses known to them 
in the following crime categories: 



(i: 


Criminal Homicide 


(2: 


Forcible Rape 


0; 


Robbery 


(4' 


Assault 


(5! 


1 Breaking or Entering 


(e: 


Larceny 


(7 


Motor Vehicle Theft 


(a: 


Arson* 






The count of offenses is taken from the record of complaints 
received by law enforcement agencies from victims, witnesses, other 
sources, or discovered by them during their own operation. Complaints 
determined by subsequent investigation to be unfounded are eliminated 
from the count. The resulting number of "actual offenses known to law 
enforcement agencies" in these crime categories is reported without 
regard to whether anyone is arrested, stolen property is recovered, 
local prosecutive policy, or any other consideration. Reported offen- 
ses are recorded by the municipality and county in which they occur. 
Municipal law enforcement agencies report those crimes which are com- 
mitted within the cities; county law enforcement agencies and state 
police report those crimes which occur in the counties outside the 
city. Law enforcement agencies also report on a monthly basis, supple- 
mental offense information such as the value of property stolen and 
recovered as well as circumstances surrounding homicides and other 
pertinent data. Additional monthly reports of persons arrested are 
submitted. These reports provide information concerning the age, sex 
and race of persons arrested by each individual law enforcement agency. 
Also, a police disposition of all juveniles arrested is collected. 



basis 



In addition, police employee data is collected on an annual 



Verification Process 

An obvious concern in the collection of crime statistics 
for law enforcement agencies throughout the state is the uniformity 

^Monthly arson reports are submitted for law enforcement agencies by 
the State Fire Marshal's Office and designated county agencies. 



and accuracy of data received. Program aides such as guides and in- 
structions do not necessarily guarantee the accuracy and correctness 
of the reports submitted by the contributors. Additional controls, 
therefore, are necessary. 

Each report received by the UCR Section is recorded, examined 
and verified for mathematical accuracy, and possibly more important, 
for reasonableness. The verification process includes numerous checks 
to ensure the validity of information. The elimination of duplication 
of reporting by individual contributors received particular attention. 
Minor errors are corrected by telephone contact with the contributors. 
Substantial variations and errors are adjusted through personal contacts 
with individual contributing agencies. The personal contacts are in- 
valuable to the accuracy and quality of reporting. Field Representa- 
tives are engaged in a constant educational effort, and as such, provide 
a vital link between the UCR Program and the contributor. 

Population Data 

The computation of crime rates as they appear in this report 
by municipality, county, and state are based on the latest available 
population estimates for the year as provided by the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, through the cooperation and assistance of the United 
States Bureau of Census. 



Limitations of a Uniform Crime Reporting Program 

Information currently collected by the Maryland Program is 
generally the same as that gathered by the National system, and the 
methods of classifying and scoring offenses and arrests are the same. 
This readily enables comparisons with other states and with the nation, 
as a whole. However, there are limitations to the information collected 
which should be clearly understood before any conclusions are drawn from 
the UCR data presented in this report. 

The main goal of the UCR Program is to furnish police admini- 
strators with a measure of their activities and operational problems as 
indicated by the number of reported offenses, arrests, clearances, and 
t he 1 i ke . 

A first step in the control of crime is to ascertain the 
true dimensions of the problem. However, present statistics as gather- 
ed by the UCR Program measure neither the real incidence of crime nor 
the full amount of economic loss to victims. Information regarding 
number of offenses and clearances is collected only for the eight 
Part I crimes. Value and type of property stolen and recovered data 
is requested only for property stolen in Part I offenses. For Part II 
offenses (except non-aggravated assault), the only information sub- 
mitted is the number of arrests for these crimes according to the age, 



sex, and race of the subject. Consequently, there is no record of the 
actual number of these offenses occurring, nor is there a calculation 
made for property loss, as in cases of vandalism and embezzlement. 

The Crime Index does not explicitly take into account the 
varying degrees of seriousness of its seven components. Each crime 
receives the same weight as ,it is added to the Index. Consequently, 
an auto theft is counted the same as a murder, and an aggravated 
assault is weighted equally with an attempted breaking or entering. 
Any review of crime must consider the volume, rate, and trend of each 
offense that comprises the Index and the relationship between these 
seven crimes*. 

The Maryland and National Uniform Crime Reporting Programs 
are designed to measure offenses committed and persons arrested, and 
difficulties can arise if this distinction is not kept clearly in 
mind. Crimes relate to events, but arrests relate to persons. Un- 
like traffic violations where there is usually one event, with one 
violation and one offender, a single criminal act can involve several 
crimes, several offenders, and several victims. Relating specific 
crimes to the criminal, or specific offenses to characteristics of 
those arrested, is generally beyond the scope of the present Uniform 
Crime Reporting system. 

Juvenile crime and arrest statistics, because of their 
nature, are another area of misunderstanding. Many juvenile offen- 
ders are handled informally and, as a consequence, inaccurate or 
incomplete recording of the event or action may result. Procedures 
for handling juveniles vary between departments, more so than the 
handling of adult offenders. Furthermore, the degree of juvenile 
involvement in solved offenses is probably seriously misunderstood, 
because juvenile participation in clearances is recorded only when 
juveniles are exclusively involved. When both adults and juveniles 
are subjects in a clearance, the juvenile participation is not re- 
ported. 

The preceding comments should not be viewed as an indict- 
ment of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program which, admittedly, is 
designed for the operational requirements of law enforcement agencies. 
While current methods of gathering and reporting crime and arrest data 
provide a less than complete picture of criminality in our society, 
there is at present no other informational system in general use that 
will more adequately perform this task. 



*Arson is not used at this time in computing the Crime Index. 



U MARYLAND UCR SYSTEM FLOW 



Field 
Liaison 
Unit 



n 

n 
■i 



Law 

Enforcement 

Agency 




I 



UCR 
Returns 



I 




1 



Verified 



No 



^ Correct ^ 



lational Copy 



Maryland Copy 



FBI 



Key Punch 



I 



Public/ 
Research 




Hard Copy 
File 



Criminal 

Justice 

Agencies 



General 
Assembly 



Attorney 
General 



Governor 



■ 



CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

Uniformity in reporting under the Maryland System is based 
upon the proper classification of offenses by police. 

The adoption of the Federal System of Uniform Crime Report- 
ing included the utilization of the offense classifications of that 
system. Law enforcement in this state has made accurate application 
of those classifications in the reports submitted to the Maryland 
Uniform Crime Reporting System. 

Offenses in Uniform Crime Reporting 

Offenses in Uniform Crime Reporting are divided into two 
groupings designated as Part I and Part II offenses. Crime Index 
offenses are included among the Part I offenses. Offense and arrest 
information is reported for the Part I offenses on a monthly basis, 
whereas only arrest information is reported for Part II offenses. 

The Part I offenses are as follows: 

1. CRIMINAL HOMICIDE -- (a) Murder and non-negligent 
manslaughter: All willful felonious homicides as 
distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Excludes attempts to kill, assaults to kill, sui- 
cides, accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. 
Justifiable homicides are limited to: (1) The 
killing of a person by a law enforcement officer 

in line of duty; and (2) The killing of a person 
in the act of committing a felony by a private 
citizen, (b) Manslaughter by negligence: Any 
death which the police investigation established 
was primarily attributable to gross negligence of 
some individual other than the victim. 

2. FORCIBLE RAPE -- The carnal knowledge of a female, 
forcibly and against her will in the categories of 
rape by force, assault to rape, and attempted rape. 
Excludes statutory offenses (no force used - victim 
under age of consent). 

3. ROBBERY -- Stealing or taking anything of value from 
the care, custody, or control of a person by force or 
by violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm 
robbery, stickups, armed robbery, assaults to rob, 
and attempts to rob. 

4. AGGRAVATED ASSAULT -- Assault with intent to kill or 
for the purpose of inflicting severe bodily injury 
by shooting, cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, 
scalding, or by the use of acids, explosives, or 
other means. Excludes simple assaults. 



11 



5. BURGLARY - BREAKING OR ENTERING -- Burglary, house- 
breaking, safecracking, or any breaking or unlawful 
entry of a structure with the intent to commit a 
felony or a theft. Includes attempted forcible entry. 

6. LARCENY-THEFT (except motor vehicle theft) -- The un- 
lawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of 
property from the possession or constructive possession 
of another. Thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property 
or article which is not taken by force and violence or 
by fraud. Excludes embezzlement, "con" games, forgery, 
worthless checks, etc. 

7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT -- Unlawful taking or stealing or 
attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle 

is a self-propelled vehicle that travels on the surface 
but not on rails. Specifically excluded from this cate- 
gory are motor boats, construction equipment, airplanes, 
and farming equipment. 

8. ARSON -- Include all arrests for violations of state 
laws and municipal ordinances relating to arson and 
attempted arson. Include: any willful or malicious 
burning or attempts to burn, with or without intent 
to defraud, a dwelling house, church, college, jail, 
meeting house, public building or any building, ship 
or other vessel, motor vehicle or aircraft; contents 
of building, personal property of another, goods or 
chattels, crops, trees, fences, gates, grain, vege- 
table products, lumber, woods, cranberry bogs, marshes, 
meadows, etc. 

If personal injury results from the arson, the situa- 
tion would be classified as aggravated assault. In 
the event a death results from arson, the incident 
would be classified as murder. 

The Part II Offenses are as follows: 

9. OTHER ASSAULTS -- Assaults and attempted assaults which 
do not result in serious or aggravated injury to the 
victim are included as other assaults. Examples of 
local jurisdiction offense titles which would be in- 
cluded in "other assaults" are: Simple assault, minor 
assault, assault and battery, injury by culpable negli- 
gence, resisting or obstructing an officer, intimidation, 
coercion, hazing, attempts to commit above. 



12 



■ 

■10. FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING -- In this class are placed 
all offenses dealing with the making, altering, utter- 



H 



■ 



ing or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything 
false in the semblance of that which is true. 

Include: Altering or forging public and other records. 
Making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting bills, notes, 
drafts, tickets, checks, credit cards, etc. Forging 
wills, deeds, notes, bonds, seals, trade-marks, etc. 

Counterfeiting coins, plates, bank notes, checks, etc. 

Possessing or uttering forged or counterfeited instru- 
ments. 

Erasures. 

Signing the name of another or fictitious person with 
intent to defraud. 

Using forged labels. 

Possession, manufacture, etc., of counterfeiting appara- 
tus. 

Selling goods with altered, forged, or counterfeited 
trade-marks. 

All attempts to commit the above. 

11. FRAUD -- Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or 
property by false pretenses. Includes bad checks, 
confidence games, etc., except forgeries and counter- 
feiting. 

12. EMBEZZLEMENT -- Misappropriation or misapplication of 
money or property entrusted to one's care, custody, or 
control . 

13. STOLEN PROPERTY; BUYING, RECEIVING, POSSESSING -- In- 
clude in this class all offenses of buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property, as well as all attempts 
to commit any of these offenses. 

14. VANDALISM -- Vandalism consists of the willful or mali- 
cious destruction, injury, disfigurement, or defacement 
of any public or private property, real or personal, 
without consent of the owner or person having custody or 
control, by cutting, tearing, breaking, marking, paint- 
ing, drawing, covering with filth, or any other such 
means as may be specified by local law. This offense 
covers a wide range of malicious behavior directed at 
property, such as: cutting auto tires, drawing obscene 



13 



pictures on public restroom walls, smashing windows, 
destroying school records, tipping over gravestones, 
defacing library books, etc. Count all arrests for 
the above, including attempts. 

15. WEAPONS: CARRYING, POSSESSING, ETC. -- This class 
deals with weapon offenses, regulatory in nature, 
such as : 

Manufacture, sale, or possession of deadly weapons. 

Carrying deadly weapons, concealed or openly. 

Using, manufacturing, etc., silencers. 

Furnishing deadly weapons to minors. 

Aliens possessing deadly weapons. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

16. PROSTITUTION AND COMMERCIALIZED VICE -- Include in 
this class the sex offenses of a commercialized 
nature, such as : 

Prostitution 

Keeping bawdy house, disorderly house, or house of 
i 1 1 fame . 

Pandering, procuring, transporting, or detaining 
women for immoral purposes, etc. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

17. SEX OFFENSES -- (Except forcible rape and prostitution 
and commercialized vice.) Include offenses against 
chastity, common decency, morals, and the like, such 
as : 

Adultery and fornication. 

Buggery 

Incest 

Indecent exposure 

Indecent liberties 

Intercourse with an insane, epileptic, or venereally 
diseased person. 



14 



Seduction 

Sodomy or crime against nature. 

Statutory rape (no force). 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

18. DRUG ABUSE LAWS -- Drug abuse law arrests are re- 
quested on the basis of the narcotics used. Make 
the following subdivisions of drug abuse law arrests: 

Include all arrests for violations of state and local 
laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful 
possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing, and 
making of narcotic drugs. 

a. Opium or cocaine and their derivatives (morphine, 
heroin, codeine). 

b. Marijuana. 

c. Synthetic narcotics—manufactured narcotics which 
can cause true drug addiction (demerol , metha- 
dones). 

d. Dangerous nonnarcotic drugs (barbiturates, benze- 
drine). 

19. GAMBLING -- All charges which relate to promoting, 
permitting, or engaging in gambling are included in 
this category. To provide a more refined collection 
of gambling arrests, the following breakdown of gamb- 
ling arrests should be furnished. 

a. Bookmaking (horse and sport book). 

b. Numbers and lottery. 

c. All other. 

20. OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY AND CHILDREN -- Include 
here all charges of nonsupport and neglect or abuse 
of family and children, such as: 

Desertion, abandonment, or nonsupport of wife or child. 

Neglect or abuse of child. (If injury is serious, 
score as aggravated assault.) 

Nonpayment of alimony. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



15 



21. DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE -- This class is limited 
to the driving or operating of any vehicle or common 
carrier while drunk or under the influence of liquor 
or narcotics. Include: 

Operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated. 

Operating an engine, train, streetcar, boat, etc., 
while intoxicated. 

22. LIQUOR LAWS — With the exception of "drunkenness" 
(offense #23), and "driving under the influence" 
(offense #21), liquor law violations, state or local, 
are placed in this class. Include: 

Manufacture, sale, transporting, furnishing, possess- 
ing, etc., intoxicating liquor. 

Maintaining unlawful drinking places. 

Advertising and soliciting orders for intoxicating 
1 iquor. 

Bootlegging. 

Operating still . 

Furnishing liquor to a minor or intemperate person. 

Using a vehicle for illegal transportation of liquor. 

Drinking on train or public conveyance. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

23. DRUNKENNESS -- Not reported in Maryland. 

24. DISORDERLY CONDUCT -- In this class are placed all 
charges of committing a breach of the peace. 
Include: 

Affray. 

Unlawful assembly. 

Disturbing the peace. 

Disturbing meetings. 

Disorderly conduct in state institutions, at court, 
at fairs, on trains, or public conveyances, etc. 

Disguised and masked persons; night riders. 



16 



Blasphemy, profanity, and obscene language. 

Desecrating flag. 

Refusing to assist an officer. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

25. VAGRANCY -- Include: 
Vagrancy. 

Begging. 

Loitering (persons 18 and over). 

26. ALL OTHER OFFENSES -- Include in this class e^jery other 
state or local offense not included in offenses 1 to 25, 
such as: 

Admitting minors to improper places. 

Abduction and compelling to marry. 

Abortion (death resulting from abortion is a homicide, 
offense class la). 

Bigamy and polygamy. 

Blackmail and extortion. 

Bribery. 

Combination in restraint of trade; trusts, monopolies. 

Contempt of court. 

Criminal anarchism. 

Criminal syndicalism. 

Discrimination; unfair competition. 

Kidnapping. 

Marriage within prohibited degrees. 

Offenses contributing to juvenile delinquency (except 
as provided for in offenses 1 to 28 inclusive), such 
as employment of children in immoral vocations or 
practices, admitting minors to improper place, etc. 



17 



Perjury and subornation of perjury. 

Possession, repair, manufacture, etc., of burglar's 
tool s. 

Possession or sale of obscene literature, pictures, etc 

Public nuisances. 

Riot and rout. 

Trespass. 

Unlawfully bringing weapons into prisons or hospitals. 

Unlawfully bringing drugs or liquor into state prisons, 
hospitals, etc.; furnishing to convicts. 

Unlawful disinterment of the dead and violation of 
sepulture. 

Unlawful use, possession, etc., of explosives. 

Violation of state regulatory laws and municipal 
ordinances (this does not include those offenses or 
regulations which belong in the above classes). 

Violation of quarantine. 

All offenses not otherwise classified. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

27. SUSPICION -- While "suspicion" is not an offense, it 
is the ground for many arrests in those jurisdictions 
where the law permits. After examination by the police, 
the prisoner is either formally charged or released. 
Those formally charged are entered in one of the Part I 
or II offense classes. This class is limited to "sus- 
picion" arrests where persons arrested are released by 
the police. 

28. CURFEW AND LOITERING LAWS -- (JUVENILES) -- Count all 
arrests made by your department for violation of local 
curfew or loitering ordinances where such laws exist. 

29. RUN-AWAY (JUVENILES) -- For the purpose of Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program, report in this category apprehensions 
for protective custody as defined by your local statute. 
Count arrests made by other jurisdictions of run-aways 
from your jurisdiction. Do not include protective cus- 
tody actions with respect to run-aways you take for 
other jurisdictions. 



18 



CRIME FACTORS 

Statistics gathered under the Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program are submitted by the law enforcement agencies of Maryland 
and project a statewide view of crime. Awareness of the presence 
of certain crime factors, which may influence the resulting volume 
and type of statistics presented, is necessary if fair and equitable 
conclusions are to be drawn. These crime influencing factors are 
present, to some degree, in every community and their presence 
affects, in varying degrees, the crime experience of that community. 
Attempts at comparison of crime figures between communities should 
not be made without first considering the individual factors present 
in each community. 

Crime, as an outgrowth of society, remains a social prob- 
lem of grave concern and the police are limited in their role to its 
suppression and detection. As stated by the President's Commission 
on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice in their 
report "The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society" (1967 - Page 92): 

"But the fact that the police deal daily with crime 
does not mean that they have unlimited power to 
prevent it, or reduce it, or deter it. The police 
did not create and cannot resolve the social condi- 
tions that stimulate crime. They did not start and 
cannot stop the convulsive social changes that are 
taking place in America. They do not enact the laws 
that they are required to enforce, nor do they dis- 
pose of the criminals they arrest. The police are 
only one part of the criminal justice system; the 
criminal justice system is only one part of the 
government; and the government is only one part of 
society. Insofar as crime is a social phenomenon, 
crime prevention is the responsibility of every part 
of society. The criminal process is limited to case 
by case operations, one criminal or one crime .at a 
time." 

Set forth below are some of the conditions which will, by 
type and volume, affect the crime that occurs from place to place: 

Density and size of the community population and the 
metropolitan area of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with reference particu- 
larly to age, sex and race. 

Economic status of the population. 

Relative stability of population, including commuters, 
seasonal, and other transient types. 



19 



Climate, including seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the 
local law enforcement agency, including the degree of 
adherence to crime reporting standards. 

Organization and cooperation of adjoining and overlapping 
police jurisdictions. 



CRIME INDEX 

The tabulations presented in the tables, graphs, and charts 
in this publication indicate the volume and distribution of crime in 
Maryland on the basis of a Crime Index. The crime figures are broken 
down by agency, county, regional, and state totals. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur is unknown, but 
those that are reported to law enforcement provide the first means of 
a count. Not all crimes are of sufficient importance to be significant 
in an index; and not all important crimes occur with enough regularity 
to be meaningful in an index. With these considerations in mind, the 
crimes below were selected as a group to furnish a convenient measure 
of the crime problem: 

1. Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter 

2. Forcible Rape 

3. Robbery 

4. Aggravated Assault 

5. Breaking or Entering 

6. Larceny-Theft 

7. Motor Vehicle Theft 

8. Arson* 

These offenses were selected because they are serious either by nature 
or frequency of occurrence. 

The crime counts set forth in this publication are actual 
offenses established by police investigation. When police receive a 
complaint of a crime and the follow-up investigation discloses no crime 
occurred, it is "unfounded". 

In 1986, police investigations "unfounded" 5 percent of the 
complaints concerning Index Offenses, ranging from 1 percent in the 
Aggravated Assault category to 12 percent in the Rape category. When 
compared to 1985, there was 1 percent "unfounded" in the Aggravated 
Assault category, and 15 percent in the Breaking or Entering category. 



Calculation of Rates and Trends 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program provides data for police 
executives to measure local problems. To facilitate this function, it 
is sometimes necessary to convert the data into rates, percentages or 
trends. Certain guidelines are presented. 

Crime Rates 

One of the most meaningful crime statistics is the Crime 
Rate. This rate is the number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. 

*1 986 arson statistics are not included in the Crime Index in this 
report. 

21 



This rate can be calculated regardless of the number of inhabitants 
in your city or county. To compute rates, divide your city's popu- 
lation by 100,000 and divide the number of offenses in each class 
by that answer. The answer is the number of offenses in each class 
oer 100,000 and is your Crime Rate for that offense. 

Example : 

a. Population for your jurisdiction 75,000 

b. Number of burglaries for your 
jurisdiction for a year 215 

Divide 75,000 by 100,000 = .75 

Divide 215 by .75 = 286.7 

Your burglary rate: 286.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 

The number of .75 can now be divided into your totals in any offense 
class to produce a Crime Rate for that offense. 

This same computation can be completed to give you arrest rates per 
100,000 inhabitants. 

Clearance Rates 

The percentage of crimes cleared by arrest is obtained by 
dividing the number of offenses cleared by the number of actual 
offenses. This answer is then multiplied by 100. An example of 
this calculation is : 

a. Number of clearances in robbery 38 

b. Number of actual robberies 72 

Divide 38 by 72 = .528 

Multiply: .528 x 100 = 52.8 

Your percentage of clearance in robbery is 52.8%. 



22 



■ 



Percent of Change 

The method most commonly used to compare crime statistics 
for the current year with any prior year is the Percent of Change. 
This Percent is calculated by subtracting the prior year's data from 
the current year's data and dividing the resulting figure by the 
prior year's data. The answer is then multiplied by 100. An example 
of this calculation is: 

a. Current year's murders 399 

b. Prior year's murders 350 



Subtract 350 from 399 = 49 

Divide 49 by 350 - .140 

Multiply .140 x 100 = 14.0 

Your Percent of Change in Murder is 14 percent 
when rounded. 



23 



I 



MARYLAND 
OFFENSE DATA 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 

Volume 

A total of 249,968 Crime Index Offenses were reported to 
law enforcement agencies in Maryland during the Calendar Year 1986. 
This represents an increase of 6 percent when compared to the 1985 
data which was comprised of a total of 236,388 Crime Index Offenses. 

The Crime Index Offenses referred to here represent the 
most common problem to law enforcement. They are serious crimes by 
their nature, volume, or frequency of occurrence. Basically, they 
can be categorized as Violent Crime, which includes Murder, Forcible 
Rape, Robbery, and Aggravated Assault, or as Property Crimes which 
include Breaking or Entering, Larceny, and Motor Vehicle Theft. 

An analysis of the total Index by month in 1986 shows that 
July had the highest frequency of occurrence and February had the 
lowest. In 1985, August had the highest frequency of occurrence and 
February had the lowest. 

Violent Crime 

Violent Crimes involve the element of personal confronta- 
tion between the perpetrator and the victim. Because of their very 
nature Violent Crimes are considered more serious than Property 
Crimes. These offenses accounted for 15 percent of the total Crime 
Index for 1986. In 1985, Violent Crimes accounted for 16 percent 
of the total Crime Index. 

Analyzing the Violent Crimes by month reveals July had 
the greatest frequency of occurrence, while February had the lowest. 

Property Crime 

The number of Property Crimes reported during 1986 was 
more than 6 times greater than the number of Violent Crimes reported. 
As a group, Property Crimes made up 85 percent of the total Crime 
Index. In 1985, Property Crimes made up 84 percent of the total 
Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis showed August had the highest frequency 
of occurrence and February had the lowest. In 1985, August had the 
highest frequency of occurrence and February had the lowest. 



Rates 

Crime Rates relate the incidence of crime to the resident 
population. Many other factors which may contribute to the volume 



27 



and type of crime in a given jurisdiction are not incorporated here, 
but are shown in the section entitled "Crime Factors". 

In 1986, the Crime Rate for Maryland was 5,600.9 victims for 
every 100,000 population. This represents a 4 percent increase in the 
Crime Rate when compared to 1985 with 5,382.2 victims per 100,000 popu- 
lation. 

The 1986 Rate for Violent Crime group was established at 
832.3 victims per 100,000 inhabitants, a 1 percent decrease compared 
with the 1985 Rate of 837.1. The Property Crime group resulted in a 
Rate of 4,768.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. This results in a 5 percent 
increase when compared to the 1985 Rate of 4,545.2. 



Clearances 

For Uniform Crime Reporting purposes, a crime is cleared 
when police have identified the offender, have evidence to charge 
him and actually take him into custody. Solutions of crimes are 
also recorded in exceptional instances where some element beyond 
police control precludes formal charges against the offender, such 
as the victim's refusal to prosecute or local prosection is declined 
because the subject is being prosecuted elsewhere for a crime com- 
mitted in another jurisdiction. The arrest of one person can clear 
several crimes or several persons may be arrested in the process of 
sol ving one crime . 

As in 1985, Maryland law enforcement agencies cleared 22 
percent of all Index Offenses reported to them in 1986. 

The Violent Crimes recorded a 48 percent clearance rate 
as compared to 1985 with a 46 percent clearance rate. The Property 
Crime group revealed an 18 percent clearance rate in 1986. During 
1985, police also cleared 18 percent of the Property Crimes. 

Considering individually the 1986 Violent Crime solution 
rate, it was determined that police were successful in solving 73 
percent of the Murders, 60 percent of the Rapes, 24 percent of the 
Robberies, and 62 percent of the Aggravated Assaults. The Property 
Crime solution rates were 17 percent for Breaking or Entering, 18 
percent for Larceny, and 17 percent for Motor Vehicle Theft. 

The relatively high clearance rate for Violent Crimes as 
compared to non-violent Property Crimes is in part attributable to 
the volume difference between the two. Property Crime volume is 
much greater than that of Violent Crime and police investigation 
of Violent Crime is usually more intense. The element of confron- 
tation between victim and perpetrator, as well as witness identi- 
fication of the perpetrator, also contributes to this higher rate 
of sol ution . 



28 



Juvenile Clearances 

Juvenile clearances are those offenses cleared but only 
involving persons under 18. If even one person is over 17, the 
offense is not considered a juvenile clearance. 

In 1986, the clearance involvement of those persons under 
the age of 18 represented 20 percent of all cases cleared. In 1985, 
this Juvenile Clearance Rate was 21 percent. 

The juvenile clearances for the Violent Crime category 
represented 13 percent of those cases solved, compared to 14 percent 
in 1985, with 3 percent clearances in Murder cases, 9 percent clear- 
ances in Rape cases, 17 percent clearances in Robbery cases, and 12 
percent clearances in Aggravated Assault cases. 

The Property Crime clearances involving juveniles represen- 
ted 24 percent of those cases solved. 1985 had a 25 percent Property 
Crime clearance rate involving juveniles. Juvenile clearances account- 
ed for 21 percent in Breaking or Entering cases, 23 percent in Larceny 
cases, and 31 percent in Motor Vehicle Theft cases. 



Stolen Property Value 

The total value of Property Stolen during 1986 was $225,987, 
138 which resulted in an 18 percent increase over 1985. Recovered 
Property amounted to $101,009,772 which is 45 percent of the total 
stolen, resulting in a $124,977,366 property loss to victims in the 
State of Maryland during 1986. This property loss results in a 13 
percent increase when compared to the property loss in 1985. 







5 YEAR 


TREND 












(Value 


in 


Mill ions 


) 








5 YEAR 
















AVERAGE 


1986 




1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


Stolen 


174 


226 




192 


156 


148 


148 


Recovered 


67 


101 




82 


60 


49 


44 



29 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



31000-- 



29000-- 



27000-- 



25000 + 

NUMBER 
OF 
OFFENSES 23000 



21000.. 



19000.- 



17000- - 



15000 



■ CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 1986 
- 5 VR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr Nay Jun Jul Augr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



30 



VIOLENT CRIME 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



'1000 



3800-4- 



36O0-- 



3400-- 



3200-- 



NUMBER 

OF 3000 

OFFENSES 



2800-- 



2600-- 



2400- - 



2200-- 



2 000 



- VIOLENT CRIME 1986 

- 5 VR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 H 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



31 



PROPERTY CRIME 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



NUMBER 

OF 

OFFENSES 



2 4000 



23000-- 



22000-- 



21000- - 



20000-- 



19880-- 



13000-- 



17000- - 



16000- z. 



15000- - 



14000-- 



13000 




32 



STOLEN PROPERTY 

ANALYSIS OF VALUE STOLEN AND RECOVERED 



TYPE OF PROPERTY 



VALUE OF 
PROPERTY 
STOLEN 



VALUE OF 
PROPERTY 
RECOVERED 



PERCENT OF 

VALUE 
RECOVERED 



Currency, Notes, Etc. 


$ 14,284,357 


$ 490,313 


3% 


Jewelry and Precious 


21 ,933,440 


1 ,099,684 


5% 


Metals 








Clothing and Furs 


5,560,621 


783,939 


14% 


Locally Stolen Motor 


120,131 ,912 


90,595,400 


75% 


Vehicles 








Office Equipment 


2,760,894 


213,602 


8% 


Televisions, Radios, 


15,445,994 


1 ,008,027 


7% 


Cameras, Etc. 








Firearms 


1 ,232,443 


158,892 


13% 


Household Goods 


3,893,769 


261 ,451 


7% 


Consumable Goods 


1 ,598,059 


212,796 


13% 


Livestock 


90,425 


22,362 


25% 


Miscellaneous 


39,055,224 


6,163,306 


16% 



*T0TAL 



$225,987,138 



$101 ,009,772 



45% 



'Breakdown may not equal total due to rounding. 



33 



h 



MURDER 



I 

1 
I 

i 
i 
i 
m 
m 
m 




MURDER 



Murder is defined as the willful (nonnegl igent ) killing of 
one human being by another. As a general rule, any death due to a 
fight, argument, quarrel, assault, or commission of a crime is counted 
as a Murder. This offense is scored on the basis of police investiga- 
tion without regard to the findings of a court or jury or the decision 
of a prosecutor. Assaults to Murder and Attempted Murders are counted 
as Aggravated Assaults. Suicide, accidental deaths and justifiable 
homicides are also excluded. 



Volume 

In 1986, a total of 399 Murders were reported to law enforce' 
ment agencies in Maryland. This compares to 350 Murders in 1985 and 
results in an increase of 15 percent. Murder comprises 1 percent of 
the total Violent Crime category and .2 percent of the total Crime 
Index. 



Rate 

In 1986, there were 8.9 victims of Murder for every 100,000 
residents in Maryland. During 1985, we reported a Murder Rate of 8.0 
victims per 100,000 population, resulting in an 11 percent increase. 

Nature 

In 1986, firearms predominated as the weapon most often used 
in the commission of Murder in Maryland, representing 59 percent of the 
total. This compares to 60 percent of the total during 1985. 51 per- 
cent of the total Murders were committed with handguns, while 21 percent 
were committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 5 percent with a shot- 
gun, 5 percent with personal weapons, and 15 percent with other dangerous 
weapons. In 1985, 51 percent of the total Murders were committed with a 
handgun, 22 percent were committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 
5 percent with a shotgun, 8 percent with personal weapons and 14 percent 
with other dangerous weapons. 

The largest number of Murders (79) occurred in the 25-29 age 
group, which comprised 20 percent of the total. In 1985, the largest 
number of Murders (60) occurred in the 20-24 age group, which comprised 
17 percent of the total. 

Murders, as a result of Robberies, accounted for 13 percent 
of the total Murders; narcotic related Murders represented 16 percent. 
In 47 percent of the Murders, the circumstances were not determined 
at the time of the reports. In 1985, Murders, as a result of robberies, 
accounted for 14 percent of the total Murders, while narcotic related 
Murders represented 13 percent. In 55 percent of the Murders, the 
circumstances were not determined at the time of the report. 



36 



Clearances 

In 1986, 73 percent of all Murders were cleared with 3 percent 
of the total solved involving only juveniles. This compares to 1985 with 
a 78 percent clearance rate and 8 percent of the total cleared involving 
only juveniles. 

Persons Arrested 

A total of 386 persons were arrested in Maryland for Murder dur- 
ing 1986. This represents an 8 percent increase when compared to 1985, 
with a total of 356 persons arrested for Murder. 

Of this total, 89 percent were males and 11 percent female. 76 
percent of the total were black while 23 percent were white. 92 percent 
were adults and 8 percent were juveniles. 



37 



MURDER 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



60-r 



55-- 



50-- 



45-- 



40-- 



35-- 



NUMBER 

OF 30 

OFFENSES 

25-J 



20-- 



15-- 



10-- 



5-- 



■ MURDER 1986 
~ 5 VR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1" 



Jan Feb Mar Apr* May Jun Jul Ausr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



38 



MURDER 



DISTRIBUTION BY CIRCUMSTANCE 









5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


RAPE 






5 


1 


1 


5 


6 


11 


ROBBERY 






49 


53 


48 


43 


48 


53 


BURGLARY 






2 


3 


1 


1 


3 


4 


ARSON 






2 


1 


1 


2 


1 


5 


LARCENY 












1 





1 





PROSTITUTION 



















1 


OTHER SEX 


OFFENSES 


1 


1 


3 





1 


2 


NARCOTIC DRUG 


LAWS 


53 


65 


44 


45 


56 


54 


LOVER'S TRIANGLE 


17 


16 


5 


28 


22 


14 


BRAWL DUE 


TO 


THE INFLUENCE 














OF ALCOHOL 






8 


7 


5 


11 


9 


10 


BRAWL DUE 


TO 


THE INFLUENCE 














OF DRUGS 






1 


1 





2 








CHILD KILLED 


BY BABYSITTER 


3 


2 


3 


2 


4 


2 


INSTITUTIONAL 


KILLINGS 


2 


1 


1 


2 


3 


5 


ARGUMENTS 






32 


26 


28 


50 


27 


28 


OTHER 






23 


34 


16 


20 


15 


29 


UNKNOWN 






182 


188 


193 


143 


171 


213 


TOTAL 






380 


399 


350 


354 


367 


431 



39 



MURDER 

DISTRIBUTION BY TYPE OF WEAPON 



PERCENT 5 YEAR 
DISTRIB. AVERAGE 



1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 



HANDGUN 48.4% 184 204 177 162 179 200 

BLUNT OBJECT 5.0% 19 24 15 18 18 20 

RIFLE 3.7% 14 10 13 11 16 20 

SHOTGUN 6.3% 24 21 16 26 18 37 

KNIFE 21.8% 83 83 77 81 85 89 

PERSONAL 6.1% 23 21 27 20 21 27 

ALL OTHERS 8.7% 33 36 25 36 30 38 

TOTAL *100.0% 380 399 350 354 367 431 

'Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding. 



40 



II 
n 

m 
m 



RAPE 




RAPE 



Rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and 
against her will. In Uniform Crime Reporting, Rape is divided into 
two categories: (1) Rape by Force; (2) Attempt to commit Forcible 
Rape. Statutory Rape or the carnal knowledge of a female with no 
force used and where the victim is under the legal age of consent, 
as well as other sex offenses, are not included in this category. 



Volume 

During 1986, 1,947 Forcible Rapes were reported to Maryland 
law enforcement agencies. This compares to 1,711 Rapes during 1985 
and results in a 14 percent increase. 

Rape accounted for 5 percent of the Violent Crimes and .8 
percent of the total Crime Index. 

The month of September showed the highest frequency of Rapes, 
while January showed the lowest. In 1985, August had the highest fre- 
quency and February showed the lowest. 

5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 

AVERAGE 1986 



1985 



1984 



1983 



1982 



Force 
Attempt 

Total 



1,293 1,538 1,320 1,289 

369 409 391 355 

1,662 1,947 1,711 1,644 



1,129 


1 ,188 


283 


408 


1,412 


1 ,596 



Rate 

A Crime Rate, in its proper perspective, is a victim risk 
rate since it equates the number of crimes per unit of population. 
In 1986, 87.3 out of every 190,000 females in Maryland were reported 
Rape victims, as compared to 1985, when 77.9 per 100,000 female popu- 
lation were reported victims. This results in a 12 percent increase 
in the rate of Forcible Rapes. 



Nature 

During 1986, 79 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by 
Force while 21 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible 
Rape. In 1985, 77 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by Force 
while 23 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible Rape. 



42 



II 



Clearances 

In Calendar Year 1986, 60 percent of the total number of 
Rapes were cleared with 9 percent of the total solved involving only 
juveniles. In 1985, 59 percent of the total Rapes were cleared and 
13 percent of the total cleared involved only juveniles. 

Persons Arrested 

In 1986, there were 889 persons arrested for Rape in Maryland 
In comparison to 1985, with 841, there was a 6 percent increase in the 
number of arrests. 

81 percent of the total number were 18 years of age or older, 
while the remaining 19 percent were juveniles. 64 percent of the total 
were black and 35 percent white and 1 percent were of other races. 



43 



RAPE 



220 



210-- 



280-- 



190-- 



180-- 



170 + 

NUMBER 

OF 160 

OFFENSES 

1504 



140-- 



130-- 



120-- 



110 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



100 




Jan Feb Max* Apr* May Jun Jul Ausr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



44 



fl 

fl 

■ 



ROBBERY 




ROBBERY 



Robbery is defined as the taking, or attempting to take, 
anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or 
persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting 
the victim in fear. The element of personal confrontation is always 
present in this crime. Under the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, 
all attempts to commit Robbery are included. Robberies are reported 
in four general categories -- firearms; knife or cutting instrument; 
other dangerous weapons; and hands, fists, feet, etc. As a general 
rule, Robbery differs from Larceny in that it is aggravated by the 
element of force or threat of force. 

Robbery, as a crime of Violence, has a serious impact on 
the victim. In many instances serious injury results. Oftentime, 
with or without physical injury, the victim suffers mental anguish. 
Such damage is immeasurable. 



Volume 

During 1986, there were 13,570 actual Robbery offenses 
reported to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In 1985, there were 
13,276 Robberies, which results in an increase of 2 percent. 

Robbery accounted for 37 percent of the Violent Crime cate 
gory and 5 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly comparison reveals that January had the highest 
frequency of Robberies while May had the lowest frequency. In 1985, 
December had the highest frequency and April had the lowest. 







5 YEAR TREND 










5 YEAR 














AVERAGE 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


Firearm 


5,818 


5,696 


5,457 


5,287 


6,276 


6,374 


Knife 


1 ,140 


1 ,091 


1 ,100 


1 ,064 


1 ,200 


1 ,246 


Strong Arm 


6,077 


5,752 


5,714 


5,760 


6,469 


6,690 


Other 


1 ,022 


1 ,031 


1 ,005 


1,002 


1 ,005 


1 ,067 


Total 


14,057 


13,570 


13,276 


13,113 


14,950 


15,377 



46 



Rate 

In 1986, Robbery Rate was 304.1 per 100,000 inhabitants. 
This compares to a rate of 302.3 per 100,000 population in 1985 and 
results in a .6 percent increase in the Robbery Rate. 



Nature 

During 1986, 64 percent of the Robberies were committed on 
the street, while only 1 percent were Bank Robberies. These percen- 
tages are the same as in 1985. 

Bank Robberies accounted for the highest average value loss, 
$3,285 in 1986. The average value loss for total Robberies was $515. 

Armed perpetrators were responsible for 58 percent of the 
Robbery offenses while 42 percent were muggings or strong-armed Robber- 
ies. This compares to 1985, when 57 percent involved Armed Robberies 
and 43 percent were strong-arm. 

An analysis of Armed Robbery by type of weapon indicates 
that the use of firearms was predominate, accounting for 73 percent 
of all Armed Robberies. Knives or cutting instruments made up 14 
percent while other dangerous weapons accounted for 13 percent of 
all Armed Robberies. In 1985, 72 percent of the total Armed Robber- 
ies were committed with firearms, 15 percent with knives or cutting 
instruments, and 13 percent with other dangerous weapons. 



Clearances 

In 1986, 24 percent of the total number of Robberies were 

cleared with 17 percent of the total solved involving only juveniles. 

In 1985, 24 percent of the Robberies were cleared and 20 percent of 
those involved only juveniles. 

23 percent of the Armed Robberies were cleared with 10 per- 
cent of the total solved involving only juveniles. 26 percent of the 
strong-arm Robberies recorded a clearance, while 26 percent of the 
total involved only juveniles. 



Persons Arrested 

3,781 persons were arrested for Robbery in Maryland during 
1986. In comparison with 1985, and a total of 3,809 persons arrested, 
there was a 1 percent decrease in Robbery arrests. 



47 



69 percent of the total number of persons arrested for 
Robbery were adults, while the remaining 31 percent were juveniles. 

82 percent of the total persons arrested were black and 
18 percent were white. 94 percent were males and 6 percent females 



48 



ROBBERY 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



1800 



1700- - 



1600- - 



1500- - 



1400- - 



NUMBER 

OF 13O0- 
OFFENSES 



1 2004- 



110©-- 



1000- - 



900.. 



800- 



ROBBER V 1986 
5 YR- AUERAGE 




■I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Ausr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



49 



ROBBERY 



DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 



NUMBER PERCENT TOTAL AVERAGE 

OF OF VALUES VALUES 

OFFENSES DISTRIB. (DOLLARS) (DOLLARS) 



HIGHWAY 


8,613 


COMMERCIAL HOUSE 


1,404 


SERVICE STATION 


359 


CONVENIENCE STORE 


413 


RESIDENCE 


1 ,093 


BANK 


175 


MISCELLANEOUS 


1,513 



63.5% $3,079,994 $ 358 



10.3% 1,147,665 



2.6% 



3.0% 



8.1% 



1.3% 



11.1% 



171 ,364 



190,626 



975,731 



574,906 



846,280 



817 



477 



462 



893 



3,285 



559 



TOTAL 



13,570 *100.0% $6,986,566 $ 515 



*Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding. 



50 



I 

n 
■ 
1 
I 

■ 
* 

m 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 




AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

Aggravated Assault, as defined under the Maryland Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program, is an unlawful attack by one person upon 
another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily 
injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of 
a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. 
Attempts are included since it is not necessary that any injury 
result when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which would result 
in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed. 
Also included in this category are all attempted Murders. 

Any assault in which hands, fists and feet are used and 
no serious injury to the victim results, is classified as a simple 
assault which falls into the Part II category, and is not included 
as a Crime Index Offense. 



Volume 

During 1986, a total of 21,226 Aggravated Assaults were 
reported to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In comparison, there 
were 21,425 Aggravated Assaults in 1985, resulting in a 1 percent 
decrease . 

Aggravated Assault made up 57 percent of the Violent Crime 
category and 9 percent of the total Crime Index. 

The month of July had the highest frequency of Aggravated 
Assaults occurring, while January had the lowest. 

5 YEAR TREND 





5 YEAR 














AVERAGE 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


Firearm 


4,588 


4,835 


4,888 


4,586 


4,122 


4,511 


Knife 


4,461 


4,583 


4,555 


4,330 


4,304 


4,531 


Other 


6,886 


7,860 


7,717 


6,938 


5,919 


5,997 


Hands, etc. 


3,839 


3,948 


4,265 


3,515 


3,662 


3,806 


Total 


19,774 


21 ,226 


21 ,425 


19,369 


18,007 


18,845 



52 



Rate 

For each 100,000 persons in Maryland during 1986, there 
were 475.6 victims of Aggravated Assault. During 1985, there were 
487.8 Aggravated Assault victims per 100,000 population. A compari 
son of the two years results in a 3 percent decrease. 



Nature 

In 1986, 23 percent of the Aggravated Assaults were com- 
mitted with the use of a firearm. A knife or cutting instrument was 
used in 22 percent of Assaults and 37 percent were committed with 
other dangerous weapons. The remaining 19 percent were committed 
with personal weapons, such as hands, fists, feet, etc. These fig- 
ures compare to 1985, when 23 percent of Aggravated Assaults were 
committed with a firearm, 21 percent with a knife or cutting instru- 
ment, 36 percent with other dangerous weapons, and 20 percent with 
personal weapons. 

Clearances 

62 percent of the total number of Aggravated Assaults 
were cleared with 12 percent of the total clearances involving 
only juveniles. As compared to 1985, 58 percent of the total were 
cleared, and of those cleared, 14 percent involved only juveniles. 

Persons Arrested 

There were 7,551 arrests for Aggravated Assault in Mary- 
land during 1986. This results in a 1 percent increase when compared 
to 1985, with 7,475 persons arrested. 

81 percent of the total number of persons arrested for 
Aggravated Assault were adults, while 19 percent were juveniles. 53 
percent of the total were black and 47 percent white. 84 percent of 
the total were males, while 16 percent were females. 



53 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2400 



2300-- 



2200-- 



2100-- 



2000-- 



1900 + 

NUMBER 

OF 1800- 
OFFENSES 

1700-1- 



1600-- 



1500- - 



1400-? 



1300- 



1200- 



■• AGGRAUATED 
ASSAULT 1986 

- 5 ¥R. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Max* App Nay Jun Jul Ausr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



54 



11 



m 



BREAKING OR 

ENTERING 




BREAKING OR ENTERING 

Breaking or Entering is defined as the unlawful entry of a 
structure to commit a felony or a theft. 

Data Collection for this offense is further categorized as 
to forcible entries, unlawful entries where no force is used, and 
attempted forcible entries. 

As with other Property Crimes, the motive of personal gain 
coupled with the element of opportunity, results in the commission 
of this offense by both the amateur and the professional perpetrator. 
Only the absence of confrontation and use of force separate this crime 
from Robbery of the Violent Crime group. 

The volume of this offense presents the police with a serious 
enforcement problem, made more difficult in many areas, by the lack of 
sufficient personnel to act as a deterrent and to provide successful 
solutions to these crimes. 



Volume 

In 1986, a total of 55,596 Breaking or Enterings were report- 
ed to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In comparison, there were 
53,168 Breaking or Enterings in 1985 resulting in a 5 percent increase. 

Breaking or Enterings made up 26 percent of the Property 
Crime category and 22 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis reveals that August had the highest fre- 
quency of occurrence while February had the lowest frequency. In 1985, 
August showed the highest frequency and April showed the lowest. 

5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 

Forcible 40,841 40,572 38,785 38,666 39,573 46,610 

No Force 7,670 8,943 8,381 7,039 6,928 7,057 

Attempt 6,190 6,081 6,002 5,793 6,196 6,880 

Total 54,701 55,596 53,168 51,498 52,697 60,547 



56 



Rate 

The Breaking or Entering Rate was 1,245.7 per 100,000 in- 
habitants of Maryland during 1986. In 1985, there were 1,210.6 Break- 
ing or Entering victims per 100,000 population. In comparison, this 
results in a 2.9 percent increase in the' Breaking or Entering Rate. 



Nature 

In 1986, 73 percent of the Breaking or Enterings involved 
forcible entry, 16 percent were unlawful entries (without force), and 
11 percent were recorded as attempted forcible entries. In comparison, 
73 percent were forcible entry, 16 percent were unlawful entries, and 
16 percent were attempted forcible entries during 1985. 

67 percent of all Breaking or Enterings were committed in 
a residence, while 33 percent were committed in a nonresidence struc- 
ture. In 1985, 66 percent of all Breaking or Enterings were committed 
in a residence, while 34 percent occurred in a nonresidence structure. 

The average dollar value loss for Breaking or Entering was 
$897. This compares to 1985 with $905 and results in a 1 percent de- 
crease. 



Clearances 

In 1986, law enforcement agencies in Maryland were successful 
in clearing 17 percent of the total Breaking or Entering Offenses, of 
which 21 percent involved only juveniles. During 1985, police cleared 
17 percent of the total Breaking or Enterings, with 23 percent of that 
number involving only juveniles. 

Persons Arrested 

In 1986, there were 10,271 persons arrested in Maryland for 
Breaking or Entering. When compared to 1985, with 10,666 arrests, 
there is a 4 percent decrease in Breaking or Entering arrests. 

67 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Break- 
ing or Entering were adults, while 33 percent were juveniles. 49 per- 
cent of the total were white, and 51 percent were black. 94 percent 
of the total were males, while the remaining 6 percent were females. 



57 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



8000 



7500-- 



7000-- 



6500-- 



6 000-- 

MUMBER 

OF 5500-- 
OFFENSES 



5000-- 



4500-- 



4000-- 



3500-- 



3000- 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 1986 



- 5 YR. AUERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



58 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 

DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



NUMBER PERCENT TOTAL AVERAGE 

CLASSIFICATION OF OF VALUES VALUES 



OFFENSES DISTRIB. (DOLLARS) (DOLLARS) 



RESIDENCE TOTAL 37,089 66.7% $33,090,143 $ 892 

Night 11,519 20.7% 8,597,524 746 

Day 13,324 24.0% 12,407,337 931 

Unknown 12,246 22.0% 12,085,282 987 

MONRESIDENCE TOTAL 18,507 33.3% 16,772,176 905 

Night 6,413 11.5% 4,554,181 710 

Day 4,255 7.7% 4,001,835 941 

Unknown 7,839 14.1% 8,216,160 1,048 

GRAND TOTAL 55,596 *100.0% $49,862,319 $ 897 

'Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding. 



59 



1 

1 



LARCENY 




LARCENY 



Larceny-Theft is defined as the unlawful taking, carrying, 
leading, or riding away of property from the possession or construc- 
tive possession of another. , It includes such crimes as pocket-picking, 
shoplifting, purse snatching, thefts from autos, thefts of auto parts 
and accessories, bicycle theft, etc. In the UCR Program, this cate- 
gory does not include embezzlement, fraud, forgery, and worthless checks 
Motor Vehicle Theft, being a special problem, is a separate Crime Index 
Offense and is not reported in the Larceny-Theft category. 

Larceny Offenses cleared by police arrest are dramatically 
affected by the nature of the crime. As with other Property Crimes, 
opportunity and stealth, working in favor of the perpetrator and 
against police detection, reduce solutions for this offense. 

As with other Offenses Against Property, Larceny is primarily 
a crime of opportunity. Types of Larcenies will differ in volume de- 
pending upon the opportunity for theft offered in a given area. 

The average dollar loss in this category was $388 as compared 
to 1985, with an average loss of $364, and results in a 7 percent in- 
crease. A very small portion of goods stolen are recovered and returned 
to victims, due to a low clearance rate and lack of specific identifica- 
tion characteristics on such property. In addition, many offenses in 
this category, particularly where the value of goods stolen is small, 
never come to police attention. 

Volume 

In 1986, there were 132,899 Offenses of Larceny-Theft reported 
as compared to 1985 with 126,193 Offenses and a 5 percent increase. Lar- 
ceny-Theft makes up 53 percent of the Crime Index total and 62 percent 
of the Property Crime total. 

August shows the highest frequency of Larceny Offenses in a 
monthly analysis, while February shows the lowest. In 1985, July showed 
the highest frequency while February showed the lowest. 

Rate 

The Larceny Crime Rate was 2,977.8 per 100,000 inhabitants of 
Maryland during 1986. In 1985, there were 2,873.2 Larcenies per 100,000 
population, resulting in a 4 percent increase in the Larceny Rate. 



62 



Nature 

Larcenies of Auto Parts and Accessories recorded the high- 
est percentage with 22 percent of the total Larcenies reported in 
this category. Pocket-Picking had the lowest frequency with a .6 
percent of the total. In 1985, Larcenies of Auto Parts and Accesso- 
ries had the highest frequency with 23 percent of the total , while 
Pocket-Picking had the lowest frequency with .7 percent. 

Clearances 

In 1986, law enforcement agencies cleared 18 percent of 
the total Larceny-Theft Offenses, of which 23 percent of the total 
clearances involved only juveniles. In 1985, police cleared 18 per- 
cent of the total Larceny Offenses with 24 percent of that number 
involving only juveniles. 

Persons Arrested 

There were 25,421 persons arrested for Larceny in Maryland 
during 1986. In comparison to 1985, with 24,630 Larceny arrests, 
there was a 3 percent increase in the number of persons arrested. 

31 percent of the total persons arrested for Larceny were 
under 18 years of age. Females comprised 26 percent of all arrests 
for Larceny, and had a greater involvement in this offense than in 
any of the other Crime Index Offenses. 

53 percent of all persons arrested for Larceny were black, 
46 percent were white, and 1 percent of other races. 



63 



LARCENY 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



17000- 



16000- - 



15000- - 



14000-- 



13000 + 

NUMBER 

OF 12000 + 
OFFENSES 

11000 + 



I0000-- 



9000-- 



8000- - 



7000 



•■ LARCENV 1986 
- 5 VR. AUERAGE 




'V i 



H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 K 



Jan Feb Har Apr Nay Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



64 



LARCENY 



5 YEAR TREND 



CLASSIFICATION AVERAGE 



1986 



1985 



1984 



1983 



1982 



POCKET-PICKING 



876 



806 



896 



981 



843 



85 3 



PURSE SNATCHING 1 ,984 1 ,718 



SHOPLIFTING 



FROM AUTOS 

AUTO PARTS & 
ACCESSORIES 



BICYCLES 



1,611 1,774 



COIN OPERATED 
MACHINES 



7,819 7,442 7,324 7,315 



2,331 



7,533 



2,484 



15,901 17,171 15,783 14,955 15,601 15,997 



22,502 24,867 21,944 21,820 21,150 22,728 



30,710 29,714 28,354 27,071 30,854 37,559 



9,482 



FROM BUILDINGS 25,406 26,073 25,938 25,182 24,399 25,440 

1,876 1,816 2,161 1,704 1,712 1,987 



ALL OTHERS 



23,538 23,292 22,182 22,823 23,020 26,373 



TOTAL 



130,612 132,899 126,193 123,625 127,443 142,903 



65 



1 



MOTOR VEHICLE 

THEFT 




MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 

Motor Vehicle Theft is defined as the theft or attempted 
theft of a motor vehicle. This definition excludes taking a motor 
vehicle for temporary use, such as a family situation or unauthor- 
ized use by others having lawful access to the vehicle, such as 
chauffeurs, etc. 

The crime of Motor Vehicle Theft has been labeled primarily 
as a crime of opportunity. The youthful offender finds the motor ve- 
hicle easily accessible for transportation for any purpose. The re- 
maining thefts are mainly for the purpose of resale, theft of parts, 
and for use in committing other crimes. 



Volume 

In 1986, there were 24,331 Motor Vehicle Thefts reported 
to law enforcement agencies in the state of Maryland. This is a 
20 percent increase when compared to the 20,265 Motor Vehicle Thefts 
reported in 1985. Motor Vehicle Theft makes up 11 percent of the 
Property Offense category and 10 percent of the Index Offenses. 

A monthly analysis for 1986 indicates that more motor 
vehicles were stolen during December than other months, and Febru- 
ary showed the fewest being stolen. During 1985, August had the 
greatest frequency of Motor Vehicle Thefts and February showed the 
fewest number being stolen. 



5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 

Auto 14,226 19,272 15,468 12,959 11,484 11,948 

Truck 2,050 2,299 1,962 2,007 1,922 2,060 

Other 2,581 2,760 2,835 2,318 2,282 2,711 

Total 18,857 24,331 20,265 17,284 15,688 16,719 



Rate 

The Motor Vehicle Theft Rate of 545.2 per 100,000 inhabi- 
tants is 18 percent higher than the rate of 461.4 per 100,000 inhabi 
tants for 1985. 



68 



Nature 

Automobiles accounted for 79 percent of the total number 
of vehicles stolen. Trucks and buses made up 9 percent and other 
motor vehicles comprised 11 percent of the total. In comparison, 
automobiles accounted for 76 percent, trucks and buses 10 percent, 
and other motor vehicles 14 percent in 1985. 

75 percent of the stolen value was recovered. This is a 
1 percent decrease when compared to the 76 percent of the stolen 
value recovered in 1985. 

5 YEAR TREND 

(Value in Millions) 

5 YEAR 

AVERAGE 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 



Stolen 


78 


120 


94 


67 


58 


52 


Recovered 


57 


91 


71 


50 


40 


35 



Clearances 

In 1986, law enforcement agencies cleared 17 percent of 
the Motor Vehicle Thefts. This is the same percentage as in 1985. 

31 percent of the total clearances for Motor Vehicle Theft 
involved only juveniles during 1986, compared to 30 percent in 1985. 



Persons Arrested 

5,269 persons were arrested in Maryland for Motor Vehicle 
Theft during 1986. This results in a 29 percent increase when com- 
pared to the 4,082 arrests in 1985. 

Of the total persons arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft, 48 
percent were adults and 52 percent juveniles. 31 percent of the 
total were white, while 69 percent were black. 92 percent of the 
total persons arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft were males and 8 per- 
cent were females. 



69 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2200' 



2100-- 



2000-- 



1900-- 



1800-j- 

NUMBER 

OF 1700-- 
OFFENSES 

1600 



1500-- 



1400-- 



1300 



1 2 00- 



■• MOTOR UEHICLE THEFT 1986 
- 5 YR. AVERAGE 










••••/ 



/ » 



H 1 1 h 



H 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



70 



ARSON 



Arson is defined as any willful or malicious burning or 
attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, 
public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of 
another, etc. Only fires determined through investigation to have 
been willfully or maliciously set are classified as Arsons. Fires of 
suspicious or unknown origins are excluded. 

Arson offenses frequently occur in conjunction with other 
index crimes; e.g., Breaking or Entering. However, according to UCR 
procedures in such multiple offense situations, only one crime is 
selected on the basis of an established hierarchy. For example, if 
a Breaking or Entering and Arson occurred at the same time and place, 
only the Breaking or Entering would be reported if the crimes were 
subjected to the hierarchy rule of reporting index offenses. This 
assumes that Arson would be listed subordinate to Breaking or Enter- 
ing in the hierarchy. Arson has been excluded from this hierarchical 
procedure, and regardless of its occurrence in conjunction with another 
crime against property or crime against a person, the Arson is reported. 



Volume 

In 1986, there were 3,043 Arsons reported. This is a 3 per- 
cent increase when compared to the 2,960 Arsons reported in 1985. 

A monthly analysis indicates May had the highest frequency 
of occurrence, while February had the lowest. In 1985, April showed 
the highest frequency, while January showed the lowest. 



Nature 

The most frequent target of Arsons in 1986 were structures, 
comprising 52 percent of the total reported incidents. Mobile (motor 
vehicles, trailers, airplanes, boats, etc.) and other property (crops, 
timber, fences, signs, etc.) accounted for the remaining offenses with 
22 and 27 percent respectively. 

Residences comprised 55 percent of the structures at which 
Arsons were directed. 18 percent of all targeted structural property 
was uninhabited or abandoned at the time the Arson occurred. 

The total monetary value of property damaged, due to report- 
ed Arsons during 1986, was over 34 million dollars with an average loss 
per incident of $11 ,428. 



72 



1 



Clearances 

20 percent of all reported Arsons were cleared by arrest 
or exceptional means in 1986. In 1985, 21 percent of Arsons were 
cleared. 

41 percent of the total clearances for Arson involved only 
juveniles during 1986, compared to 39 percent in 1985. 



Persons Arrested 

In 1986, there were 661 persons arrested in Maryland for 
Arson. This results in a 23 percent increase when compared to the 
536 arrests in 1985. 

46 percent of the total number of persons arrested for 

Arson were adults, while 54 percent were juveniles. 72 percent of 

the total were white and 28 percent were black. 85 percent of the 

total were males, while the remaining 15 percent were females. 



73 



600 



550-- 



500-- 



450-- 



400 + 

NUMBER 

OF 350 + 
OFFENSES 

300 + 



250-- 



200-- 



150-- 



ARSON 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



■■ ARSON 1986 

- 5 VR. AVERAGE 




J 00 -t. 



H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1- 



H 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr Nay Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



74 



ARSON 



DISTRIBUTION BY TYPE OF PROPERTY 



CLASSIFICATION 


NUMBER 

OF 
OFFENSES 


PERCENT 

OF 
DISTRIB. 


AVERAGE 
VALUES 
(DOLLARS) 


PERCENT 
CLEARED 


TOTAL STRUCTURAL 


1 


,567 


51.5% 


$ 20,550 


28% 


Single Occupancy Resident! 


al 


578 


19.0% 


12,258 


31% 


Other Residential 




282 


9.3% 


6,124 


28% 


Storage 




180 


5.9% 


59,014 


19% 


Industrial /Manufacturing 




16 


Col 
. J /o 


216,770 





Other Commercial 




181 


5.9% 


33,152 


19% 


Community/Publ ic 




243 


8.0% 


11 ,264 


43% 


All Other Structure 




87 


2.9% 


6,822 


9% 


TOTAL MOBILE 




664 


21.8% 


3,276 


11% 


Motor Vehicles 




593 


19.5% 


3,010 


11% 


Other Mobile Property 




71 


2.3% 


5,496 


11% 



OTHER 



812 



26.7: 



471 



13% 



TOTAL 



3,043 *100.0% $ 11 ,428 



20% 



*Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding. 



75 



1 



I 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA 

The tables contained within this section were designed to 
facilitate quick reference of statistical crime information relative 
to the different reporting areas of the State of Maryland. 

■ The tables are broken down by Regions. Within each Region 

information is listed in County name sequence and is further detailed 
to show the activity experienced by individual police agencies. The 
general identifying descriptions which indicate the reporting areas 
are listed and defined as follows: 



■ 
■ 



Region Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all the Counties within the indicated Region 

County Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all reporting Agencies within the indicated 
County. 

Sheriff - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by Sheriff's Offices. This is to 
include activity which may have occurred 
within the corporate limits of towns in 
that County. 

County Police 

Departments - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by County Police Departments. 

This is to include activity which may 

have occurred within the corporate limits 

of towns in that County. 

State Police - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by all State Police installations 
within the indicated reporting area. 
This is to include activity which may 
have occurred within the corporate limits 
of towns in that County. 

Municipal 

Pol ice 

Departments - This line indicates the total activity 
reported by the individually specified 
police department to include only those 
crimes which were handled by that depart- 
ment. 



I 

■I 



77 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (Cont'd) 

The five Regions used in the Maryland Uniform Crime Report- 
ing Program consist of the following: 

Region I - Eastern Shore 

Carol ine County 
Cecil County 
Dorchester County 
Kent County 
Queen Anne's County 
Somerset County 
Talbot County 
Wicomico County 
Worcester County 

Region II - Southern Maryland 

Calvert County 
Charles County 
St. Mary's County 

Region III - Western Maryland 

Allegany County 
Carroll County 
Frederick County 
Garrett County 
Washington County 

Region IV - Washington Metropolitan Region 

Montgomery County 
Prince George's County 

Region V - Baltimore Metropolitan Region 

Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel County 
Baltimore County 
Harford County 
Howard County 

The tabulations in this section indicate the volume of Crime 
in Maryland. The measure used is a Crime Index consisting of seven 
offenses which are counted as they become known to the law enforcement 
agencies. Crime classifications used in the Index are: Murder and 
Nonnegligent Manslaughter, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, 
Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle Theft*. 

*Arson figures included are not computed in the total offenses or 
crime rates. 



78 



n 
n 

■ 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (Cont'd) 

Each heading contained in this report is defined below: 

Population: The Federal Bureau of Investigation provides 

estimated populations for the State, Regions, 
and Counties on a yearly basis. 

Total Offenses: This is the sum total of the seven Index Offenses. 

Total Cleared: The sum total of the seven Index Offenses cleared. 

Percent Cleared: The percentage of Index Offenses cleared by arrest 
or exceptional means. The mathematical formula 
may be expressed as follows: 

Total Index Offenses Cleared 
Percent Cleared - Total Actual Index offenses Reported x 100 



Crime Rate: This rate is the number of Index Offenses per 

100,000 population. To compute a crime rate, 
you must divide the population by 100,000 and 
| divide the number of offenses by that answer. 



I 
1 
■ 



Example: Population for Region X = 312,010 

Number of Index Offenses _ _ 

for Region X this year U,ua^ 

312,010 = 3 120 
100,000 

13,092 = 4,196.2 
3.120 

Crime Rate for Region X = 4,196.2 



I Crime Rates for the individual agencies are not calculated in 

the following table because of overlapping jurisdiction in many cities of 
municipal, county and state law enforcement agencies. This table contains 
the offenses reported by the individual agencies with crime rates for the 
county and region totals. Arson offenses in this table are listed opposite 
the agency reporting the arson. In the Municipality Table, the Arsons are 
listed in the municipality where they occurred. 



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110 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES 



Crime Rates for the individual cities are calculated in the 
following table. The rates for many cities are based on combined fi- 
gures of municipal, county and state Law Enforcement Agencies due to 
overlapping jurisdictions. 



111 







1. 

£3 


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REGION I 
























CAROLINE COUNTY 


Denton 


1985 


5,200.0 


103 





2 





» 


11 


76 


3 


(2) 




1986 


6.550.-0 


131 





3 


1 


7 


43 


70 


7 


(0) 




X Change 


+26.0 


♦27.2 


















Federal sburg 


1985 


3,750.0 


75 








1 


7 


16 


49 


2 


(0) 




1986 


5,190.5 


109 


1 


1 


9 


11 


23 


63 


1 


(4) 




X Change 


+38.4 


+45.3 


















Goldsboro 


1985 


500.0 


1 














1 








(0) 




1986 


500.0 


1 

















1 





(0) 




X Change 


0.0 


0.0 


















Greensboro 


1985 


1.384.6 


18 














6 


9 


3 


(1) 




1986 


2,923.1 


38 





1 


1 


5 


10 


17 


4 


(1) 




X Change 


+111.1 


+111.1 


















larydel 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




X Change 


- 


. 


















Preston 


1985 


400.0 


2 














1 





1 


(0) 




1986 


3,600.0 


18 





1 





1 


4 


9 


3 


(2) 




X Change 


+800.0 


+800.0 


















Ridgely 


1985 


3,111.1 


28 











3 


6 


18 


1 


(0) 




1986 


4,222.2 


38 





1 





1 


19 


16 


1 


(1) 




X Change 


+35.7 


+35.7 


















CECIL COUNTY 


Cecil ton 


1985 


1 ,600.0 


8 











1 


6 


1 





(0) 




1986 


1,666.6 


10 











1 


4 


4 


1 


(2) 




X Change 


+4.2 


+25.0 


















Charlestown 


1985 


4,142.9 


29 











1 


10 


16 


2 


(0) 




1986 


1 ,875.0 


15 





2 





2 


4 


6 


1 


(0) 




X Chanqe 


-54.7 


-48.3 


















Chesapeake Ctty 


1985 


2,666.7 


24 











5 


5 


12 


2 


(1) 




1986 


3,500.0 


35 











6 


6 


21 


2 


(2) 




X Change 


+31.2 


+45.8 


















El kton 


1985 


7,884.1 


544 





4 


5 


42 


82 


366 


45 


(6) 




1986 


7,845.1 


557 





4 


7 


32 


94 


394 


26 


(12) 




X Change 


-0.5 


+2.4 


















Northeast 


1985 


6.687.5 


107 





3 


1 


12 


13 


70 


8 


(0) 




1986 


4,411.8 


75 








1 


8 


7 


53 


6 


(5) 




X Change 


-34.0 


-29.9 


















Perryvllle 


1985 


4,500.0 


99 











9 


45 


35 


10 


(2) 




1986 


3,381.0 


71 





1 





7 


25 


34 


4 


(1) 




X Change 


-24.9 


-28.3 


















Port Deposit 


1985 


2.857.1 


20 














7 


11 


2 


(0) 




1986 


2.857.1 


20 














6 


14 





(2) 




X Change 


0.0 


0.0 


















Rising Sun 


1985 


3.520.0 


44 











1 


13 


28 


2 


(0) 




1986 


3,071.4 


43 








1 


2 


11 


26 


3 


(3) 


r 


X Change 


-12.7 


-2.3 



















112 









HI 

•— c 

+J «♦- 
O V- 
h- O 


01 

c 


o> 


z 

o 

ac 


4J 

> •— 
u m 

C7> VI 

<< 


C C 

Zl z 

<T> Of 
CD UJ 


U Of 
•O r 
—1 1- 


**- 

Ol 


e 
o 

U 


DORCHESTER COUNTY 
























Cambridge 


1985 


8,341.9 


976 


1 


2 


28 


89 


183 


654 


19 


(8) 




1986 


8,504.3 


978 


2 


3 


27 


81 


235 


609 


21 


(8) 




% Change 


+1.9 


+0.2 


















Hurlock 


1985 


1,944.4 


35 











5 


11 


17 


2 


(1) 




1 986 


3,555.6 


64 











4 


9 


46 


5 


(4) 




X Change 


+82.9 


+82.9 


















KENT COUNTY 


Chester-town 


1985 


5,468.8 


175 








3 


31 


25 


109 


7 


(1) 




1986 


4,939.4 


163 





2 


2 


13 


41 


103 


2 


(0) 




% Change 


-9.7 


-6.9 


















Rock Hall 


1985 


6,062.5 


97 





2 





8 


26 


53 


8 


(0) 




1986 


4,687.5 


75 











4 


27 


40 


4 


(1) 




X Change 


-22.7 


-22.7 


















QUEEN ANNE' S COUNTY 


Centreville 


1985 


4,800.0 


96 











6 


30 


56 


4 


(0) 




1986 


3,150.0 


63 











7 


15 


39 


2 


(0) 




X Change 


-34.4 


-34.4 


















SOMERSET COUNTY 


Crisfield 


1985 


3,826.6 


111 





1 





9 


35 


65 


1 


(2) 




1986 


3,862.1 


112 








2 


4 


28 


75 


3 


(1) 




X Change 


+0.9 


+0.9 


















Princess Anne 


1985 


6,812.5 


109 











4 


22 


79 


4 


(1) 




1986 


12,200.0 


183 





5 


2 


16 


25 


128 


7 


(2) 




X Change 


+79.1 


+67.9 


















TALBOT COUNTY 


Easton 


1985 


6,687.5 


535 


1 


2 


12 


42 


165 


295 


18 


(4) 




1986 


7,302.3 


628 





3 


10 


50 


141 


402 


22 


(2) 




% Change 


+9.2 


+17.4 


















Oxford 


1985 


1,375.0 


11 











3 


3 


5 





(1) 




1986 


1,625.0 


13 














2 


11 





(0) 




X Change 


+18.2 


+18.2 


















St. Michaels 


1985 


6,500.0 


91 


1 








8 


20 


58 


4 


(0) 




1986 


7,785.7 


109 





1 





8 


19 


79 


2 


(0) 




% Change 


+19.8 


+19.8 


















Trappe 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


111.1 


1 

















1 





(0) 




X Change 


- 


- 


















WICOMICO COUNTY 


Delmar 


1985 


4,769.2 


62 





1 





11 


11 


36 


3 


(0) 




1986 


4,571.4 


64 





1 





6 


15 


40 


2 


(0) 




X Change 


-4.1 


+3.2 


















Fruitland 


1985 


5,344.8 


155 


1 





1 


12 


32 


104 


5 


(1) 




1986 


6,032.3 


187 


1 


1 


4 


7 


33 


134 


7 


(0) 




X Change 


+12.9 


+20.6 


















Hebron 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




X Change 


- 


- 



















113 







Is 

o a: 


o •*- 
►- o 




a. 


m 
.a 
.a 

Q 

IX 


> — 
< < 


■a o 
at *j 
&- c 


c 

Ol - 
u «•- 

u ai 


-c 


c 
o 


Salisbury 


1985 


10,664.7 


1,813 


2 


9 


51 


82 


524 


1,076 


69 


(17) 




1986 


11,848.0 


2,026 


4 


9 


65 


210 


494 


1,182 


62 


(10) 




' Change 


+11.1 


+11.7 


















Sharptown 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




I Change 


- 


- 


















Willards 


1985 


600.0 


3 











3 











(0) 




1986 


200.0 


1 




















1 


(0) 




t Change 


-66.7 


-66.7 


















WORCESTER COUNTY 


Berlin 


1985 


4.280.0 


107 





1 





5 


27 


74 





(0) 




1986 


3,586.2 


104 





3 


3 





33 


62 


3 


(0) 




% Change 


-16.2 


-2.8 


















Ocean City 


1985 


39,345.5 


2,164 





5 


25 


96 


457 ' 


1,497 


84 


(7) 




1986 


39,936.5 


2,516 


1 


8 


22 


99 


497 


1,824 


65 


(18) 




i Change 


+1.5 


♦ 16.3 


















Ocean Pines 


1985 


9,214.3 


129 











3 


64 


56 


6 


(0) 




1986 


9,714.3 


136 





1 





4 


76 


54 


1 


(0) 




i Change 


+5.4 


+5.4 


















Pocomoke City 


1985 


6,114.3 


214 





1 


2 


10 


23 


175 


3 


(0) 




1986 


5,888.9 


212 





3 


2 


7 


19 


180 


1 


(0) 




X Change 


-3.7 


-0.9 


















Snow Hill 


1985 


227.3 


5 











2 





3 





(0) 




1986 


142.9 


3 

















3 





(1) 




X Change 


-37.1 


-40.0 


















REGION II 


CALVERT COUNTY 


Chesapeake Beach 


1985 


4,812.5 


77 





1 


1 


11 


23 


37 


4 


(2) 




1986 


3,210.5 


61 











16 


18 


24 


3 


(0) 




X Change 


-33.3 


-20.8 


















North Beach 


1985 


4,368.4 


83 








1 


12 


29 


40 


1 


(0) 




1986 


2,454.5 


54 











8 


23 


22 


1 


(1) 




X Chanqe 


-43.8 


-34.9 


















CHARLES COUNTY 
























Indian Head 


1985 


2,166.7 


39 











2 


10 


27 





(0) 




1986 


3,437.5 


55 











5 


13 


36 


1 


(0) 




X Chanqe 


+58.7 


+41.0 


















La Plata 


1985 


6,963.0 


188 





1 


1 


9 


40 


124 


13 


(1) 




1986 


5,655.2 


164 








3 


13 


21 


120 


7 


(5) 




X Change 


■18.8 


-12.8 


















ST. MARY'S COUNTY 


Leonardtown 


1985 


4,200.0 


63 











8 


21 


33 


1 


(1) 




1986 


7,400.0 


111 





1 





3 


35 


71 


1 


(4) 




t Change 


♦76.2 


+76.2 


















REGION III 


ALLf ' 


Barton 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




' r h.niyi- 


- 


- 



















114 







is 


r— C 
«-» M- 

l- o 


u 
ai 

t 


a* 

Cl 
to 
& 


i. 
to 

a 

-O 

o 

a; 


> w— 
IO 3 

i- to 
<< 


C C 
-* u 

tj a> 

tt 

en l.j 


c 

(J <*- 
i- at 
to -e 
-1 h- 


>• 

ir 


c 
o 

u 

< 


Cumberland 


1985 


3,603.8 


937 





2 


7 


12 


174 


720 


22 


(10) 




1986 


4,303.6 


1 ,063 





1 


7 


26 


213 


786 


30 


(6) 




% Change 


+19.4 


+13.4 


















Frostburg 


1985 


2,696.2 


213' 





1 


1 


8 


40 


154 


9 


(0) 




1986 


3,236.8 


246 





1 


3 


10 


37 


194 


1 


(4) 




% Change 


+20.1 


+15.5 


















Lonaconing 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




% Change 


- 


. 


















Luke 


1985 


666.7 


2 











1 


1 








(0) 




19S6 


666.7 


2 











1 


1 








(0) 




% Change 


0.0 


0.0 


















Midland 


1935 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




% Change 


- 


- 


















Westernport 


1985 


1 ,555.6 


42 





1 





6 


22 


12 


1 


(0) 




1986 


1 ,333.3 


36 











2 


13 


20 


1 


(0) 




X Change 


-14.3 


-14.3 


















CARROLL COUNTY 


Hampstead 


1985 


2,307.7 


30 





1 





1 


2 


24 


2 


(3) 




1986 


2,071.4 


29 














5 


24 





(1) 




% Change 


-10.2 


-3.3 


















Manchester 


1985 


1,394.7 


36 











3 


7 


26 





(0) 




1986 


1,800.0 


36 














9 


26 


1 


(1) 




% Change 


-5.0 


0.0 


















New Windsor 


1985 


1,111 .1 


10 

















10 





(0) 




1986 


777.8 


7 











1 


2 


4 





(1) 




% Change 


-30.0 


-30.0 


















Sykesville 


1985 


2,421.1 


46 











9 


6 


31 





(3) 




1986 


3,550.0 


71 








1 


8 


21 


41 





(3) 




% Change 


+46.6 


+54.3 


















Taneytown 


1985 


1 ,785.7 


50 





1 


1 


7 


8 


32 


1 


(0) 




1986 


2,413.8 


70 











9 


10 


47 


4 


(0) 




% Change 


+35.2 


+40.0 


















Union Bridge 


1985 


- 


























(0) 




1986 


- 


























(0) 




% Change 


- 


. 


















Westminster 


1985 


4,446.8 


418 





3 


7 


22 


57 


320 


9 


(3) 




1986 


5,653.1 


554 





5 


9 


24 


153 


345 


18 


(25) 




% Change 


+27.1 


+32.5 


















FREDERICK COUNTY 


Brunswick 


1985 


1,612.2 


79 











6 


32 


36 


5 


(1) 




1986 


1 ,860.0 


93 





1 





10 


20 


54 


8 


(12) 




% Change 


+15.4 


+17.7 


















Burkittsville 


1985 


1 ,000.0 


2 














1 


1 





(0) 




1986 


500.0 


1 














1 








(1) 




% Change 


-50.0 


-50.0 



















115 









— c 
o ••- 


u 

L 


■1 
a. 
m 
cc 


o 

K 


> •— 

<D => 

en w. 
en in 

< « 


t a> 

i- c 

CD UJ 


Of 4-> 

(J *- 


a; 


c 
o 


Emaitsburg 


1985 


2.562.5 


41 











3 


6 


31 


1 


(2) 




1986 


625.0 


10 














1 


8 


1 


(2) 




I Change 


-75.6 


-75.6 


















Frederick 


1985 


7,292.1 


2.297 


1 


8 


62 


349 


473 


1,314 


90 


(8) 




1986 


7,429.9 


2,437 


1 


9 


52 


409 


431 


1.423 


112 


(38) 




t Change 


+1.9 


+6.1 


















Middletown 


1985 


1,277.8 


23 














9 


13 


1 


(0) 




1986 


1,333.3 


24 














5 


19 





(2) 




X Change 


+4.3 


+4.3 


















*Mt. Airy 


1985 


333.3 


10 














5 


5 





(3) 




1986 


566.7 


17 














6 


11 





(3) 




I Change 


+70.0 


+70.0 


















Myersville 


1985 


800.0 


4 














1 


1 


2 


(0) 




1986 


400.0 


2 














2 








(1) 




t Change 


-50.0 


-50.0 


















New Market 


1985 


400.0 


2 














2 








(0) 




1986 





























(0) 




1 Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 


















Thurmont 


1985 


1 ,677.4 


52 











6 


19 


26 


1 


(1) 




1986 


2,032.3 


63 








1 


5 


13 


42 


2 


(2) 




1 Change 


+21.2 


+21.2 


















Walkersville 


1985 


551.7 


16 














8 


8 





(2) 




1986 


862.1 


25 











2 


10 


13 





(1) 




i Change 


+56.3 


+56.3 


















Woods bo ro 


1985 


400.0 


2 














1 


1 





(1) 




1986 


1,200.0 


6 














3 


2 


1 


(1) 




I Change 


+200.0 


+200.0 


















GARRETT COUNTY 


Friendsville 


1985 


600.0 


3 











1 


2 








(1) 




1986 


1 .000.0 


5 











1 


3 


1 





(0) 




t Change 


+66.7 


+66.7 


















Grantsville 


1985 


400.0 


2 

















2 





(0) 




1986 


200.0 


1 

















1 





(0) 




I Change 


-50.0 


-50.0 


















Mt. Lake Park 


1985 


444.4 


8 

















8 





(0) 




1986 


500.0 


9 











3 


3 


3 





(0) 




t Change 


+12.5 


+12.5 


















Oakland 


1985 


3.050.0 


61 











1 


32 


26 


2 


(1) 




1986 


3,200.0 


64 











2 


18 


38 


6 


(1) 




X Change 


+4.9 


+4.9 


















WASHINGTON COUNTY 


Boonsboro 


1985 


210.5 


4 











1 


2 


1 





(0) 




1986 


550.0 


11 











1 


7 


2 


1 


(0) 




I Change 


+161.3 


+175.0 


















Clear Spring 


1985 


1,000.0 


5 

















4 


1 


(0) 




1986 


1 .600.0 


8 











1 


5 


2 





(0) 




i Change 


♦60.0 


+60.0 



















Frederick County. 



116 







Is 
is 


in 
41 

si 

£15 




5 


s 


■o *> 

>»— 

t- to 

22 


c c 
•a oi 

CO LU 


2 

-It- 


Oi 

:> 


B 
O 
in 

i. 

< 


Funkstown 


1985 


166.7 


2 

















2 





(1) 




1986 


583.3 


7 


1 








i 


3 


2 





(0) 




t Change 


+249.9 


+250.0 


















Hagerstown 


1985 


5,195.3 


1,782. 





7 


71 


84 


419 


1,108 


93 


(35) 




1986 


5,289.1 


1,793 


1 


8 


43 


94 


459 


1,099 


89 


(37) 




% Change 


-2.1 


+0.6 


















Hancock 


1985 


2,631.6 


50 











2 


8 


39 


1 


(0) 




1986 


1 ,894.7 


36 











5 


7 


21 


3 


(1) 




% Change 


-28.0 


-28.0 


















Keedysville 


1985 


200.0 


1 














1 








(0) 




1986 





























(0) 




% Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 


















Sharpsburg 


1985 


428.6 


3 











1 


2 








(2) 




1986 


857.1 


6 














3 


3 





(2) 




% Change 


+100.0 


+100.0 


















Smithsburg 


1985 


555.6 


5 

















5 





(0) 




1986 


1 ,666.7 


15 














7 


7 


1 


(1) 




% Change 


+200.0 


+200.0 


















Will iamsport 


1985 


666.7 


14 











1 


1 


10 


2 


(1) 




1986 


2,800.0 


56 








3 


4 


16 


27 


6 


(0) 




% Change 


+320.0 


+300.0 


















REGION IV 


"MONTGOMERY COUNTY 


Chevy Chase IV 


1985 


1,931.0 


56 











1 


13 


36 


6 


(-) 




1986 


1 ,172.4 


34 








1 





6 


26 


1 


(-) 




% Change 


-39.3 


-39.3 


















Chevy Chase Village 


1985 


3,476.1 


73 








4 





24 


45 





(-) 




1986 


2,900.0 


58 














24 


33 


1 


(-) 




X Change 


-16.6 


-20.5 


















Gaithersburg 


1985 


6,065.1 


1 ,771 


1 


11 


38 


61 


305 


1,206 


149 


(-) 




1986 


6,257.4 


1,896 





9 


44 


84 


297 


1,298 


164 


(-) 




% Change 


+ 3.2 


+7.1 


















Garrett Park 


1985 


1 ,583.3 


19 














7 


9 


3 


(-) 




1986 


666.7 


8 














1 


6 


1 


(-) 




% Change 


-57.9 


-57.9 


















Kensington 


1985 


9,722.2 


175 








3 


4 


38 


117 


13 


(-) 




1986 


7,944.4 


143 








3 





30 


103 


7 


(-) 




% Change 


-18.3 


-18.3 


















Poolesville 


1985 


1 ,794.1 


61 











4 


13 


43 


1 


(-) 




1986 


1 ,882.4 


64 











8 


15 


38 


3 


(-) 




% Change 


+4.9 


+4.9 


















Rockville 


1985 


5,170.7 


2,332 





10 


67 


94 


435 


1 ,582 


144 


(-) 




1986 


4,813.9 


2,224 


1 


13 


53 


77 


355 


1,538 


187 


(-) 




% Change 


-6.9 


-4.6 


















Somerset 


1985 


1,727.3 


19 





1 


1 





3 


12 


2 


(-) 




1986 


1,454.5 


16 














3 


13 





(-) 




% Change 


-15.8 


-15.8 



















'Breakdown by Municipality for arson not available from Montgomery County. 



117 





m 








«s 


z- at 










>N 




















la 


•o « 


■p 


■ 


1 


•J 3 


-* K. 


bs 


l-O 


X 


■ 


2 
o 

DC 


01 VI 
CT>V» 


CO UJ 






•Takoma Park 1985 4,827.3 531 8 42 29 146 262 44 (-) 

1986 6,169.9 944 6 61 71 296 435 75 (-) 



I Change +27.8 +77. i 



*PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 



Berwyn Heights 1935 

1986 2,774.2 
t Change 



86 4 6 13 48 15 (-) 



Bladensburg 1985 

1986 12,075.9 954 15 73 83 157 461 165 (-) 
I Change 



Bowie 1935 

1986 2,902.4 1,071 1 4 28 49 240 657 92 (-) 
X Change 



Brentwood 1985 

1986 6.312.5 202 1 3 8 15 50 85 40 
I Change 



Capital Heights 1985 

1986 4,736.8 180 1 2 18 10 23 85 41 (-) 
I Change 



Cheverly 1985 

1986 5,879.3 341 5 24 14 79 162 57 (-) 
i Change 



College Park 1985 

1986 9,750.0 2,262 1 12 37 62 534 1,475 141 (-) 
I Change _____^___ 



Col mar Manor 1 935 



1986 4,230.8 55 3 9 17 22 4 (-) 

1 Change 



Cottage City 1985 

1986 11.090.9 122 8 3 20 79 12 (- 
t Change 



District Heights 1985 

1986 5,185.7 363 1 2 18 35 97 162 48 (-) 



■ Change 



Eagle Harbor 1985 

1936 4,000.0 4 1 3 (-) 
t Change 



Edmonston 1 985 

1986 7,909.1 84 1 1 1 4 20 53 4 (-) 
t Change 



Fairmount Heights 1985 

1986 11,875.0 190 2 12 24 60 61 31 (-) 
I Change 



Forest Heights 1985 

1986 4,833.3 145 1 12 14 28 80 10 (-) 
t Change ^^^ 



Glenarden 1985 

1986 5,733.3 258 3 25 41 84 75 30 (-) 
1 Change ^___ 

"Although Takoma Park lies In Montgomery and Pr. George's Counties, for purposes of this report, we have shown the data for the entire city in 
Montgomery County. This data reflects the fi/st year for availability and inclusion of Pr. George's County crime data. 
■ orge's County 1985 data not available. Breakdown by municipality for arson not available from Pr. George's County. 

118 



s 

> - 

gi 

*_> eZ i— o £ ce a: «* «r 



C7. o* 

c c 

8r-C 0) O* «3 XX 

C7t vi ai ♦> 



% Change 



% Change 



X Change 



% Change 



% Change 



% Change 



% Change 



% Change 



% Change 



& J! 

41 -4-> I- 

t- OI > 



aouj —i i 



Greenbelt 1985 

1986 6.058.5 1,036 10 35 50 201 622 118 (-) 

% Change 

Hyattsville 1985 

1986 6,890.8 820 1 6 54 42 170 440 107 (-) 

t Change 

Landover Hills 1985 

1986 6,071.4 85 6 6 32 34 7 (-) 

% Change 

Laurel 1985 

1986 9,713.1 1,185 2 1 30 41 219 790 102 (-) 



Morningside 1985 

1986 4,307.7 56 1 4 8 1 5 25 3 (-) 



Ht. Rainier 1985 

1986 5,756.4 449 46 28 75 207 93 (-) 



New Carroll ton 1985 

1986 6,595.2 831 4 58 39 192 377 161 (-) 



North Brentwood 1985 

1986 4,666.7 28 1 1 6 8 9 3 (-) 



Riverdale 1985 

1986 8,960.0 448 4 36 36 97 225 50 (-) 



Seat Pleasant 1985 

1986 11,346.9 556 10 54 47 116 244 85 (-) 



University Park 1985 

1986 3,384.6 88 1 4 30 43 10 (-) 



Upper Marlboro 1 985 

1986 7,375.0 59 1 5 6 43 4 (-) 



REGION V 



BALTIMORE CITY 



Baltimore City 1985 8,737.1 67,374 213 594 7,794 6,950 13,988 31,808 6,027 (660) 

1986 8,594.9 67,341 240 660 8,008 6,368 14,388 30,793 6,884 (765) 



% Change -1 .6 0.0 



ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 



Annapolis 1985 9,033.5 2,963 1 12 105 309 734 1,673 129 (84) 

1986 8,789.0 2,874 3 23 73 204 780 1,618 173 (65) 



% Change Z Z J J -3.0 



HARFORD COUNTY 



Aberdeen 1985 6,764.7 805 6 18 85 215 447 34 (28) 

1986 7,576.3 894 1 9 24 87 168 542 63 (5) 



% Change W.O +11.1 



119 



1- <o 



Bel Air 1985 4,304.9 353 3 1 13 61 264 

1986 6,451.2 529 11 11 57 448 

I Change +49.9 +49.9 

Havre de Grace 1985 6,044.9 538 5 7 40 118 321 
1986 5,146.1 458 4 8 37 73 299 
% Change -14.9 -14.9 



11 


(0) 


11 


(3) 


47 


(7) 


37 


(6) 



120 



MARYLAND 
ARREST DATA 



ARREST DATA 



The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program requires the 
submission of monthly reports of data concerning persons arrested in 
the state. A record of total arrest activity for criminal acts in 
both Part I and Part II crime classes is received from 128 county, 
state and municipal law enforcement agencies, according to the age, 
sex and race of persons arrested. Traffic arrests, except Driving 
While Intoxicated, are not reported. A total of 219,857 arrests for 
Part I and Part II criminal offenses were reported during 1986. In 
comparison to 1985, there were 209,399 arrests which results in a 5 
percent increase. Based on 1986 population estimates, there were 
4,926.2 arrests per 100,000 population in Maryland. The arrest rate 
for 1985 was 4,767.7, resulting in a 3 percent increase in arrest 
rate. 

A person is counted on the monthly arrest report each time 
he is arrested. It should be noted that a person may be arrested 
several times during a given month for the same or different offenses. 
This occurs frequently in a crime such as Disorderly Conduct. A juve- 
nile is counted as "arrested" when the circumstances are such that if 
he or she were an adult an arrest would be counted, or when police or 
other official action beyond a mere interview, warning or admonishment 
is taken. 

Arrest figures do not indicate the number of individuals 
arrested or summonsed since, as has been pointed out, one person may 
be arrested several times during the month. However, arrest infor- 
mation is useful in measuring the extent of law enforcement activi- 
ties in a given geographic area, as well as providing an index for 
measuring the involvement in criminal acts, by the age, sex and race 
of perpetrators. 

24 percent of all reported arrests during 1986 were for 
Crime Index Offenses (Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated 
Assault, Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle 
Theft). Analysis of Crime Index Arrest Data indicates that Larceny 
comprised the highest percentage of all arrests for Crime Index 
crimes, with 48 percent of the total. The same trend for Larceny 
occurred in 1985 with 47 percent of the total. The Drug Abuse, 
Other Assaults, Driving Under the Influence, Disorderly Conduct, 
and All Other Offense categories continue to record the highest 
percentage of arrests for Part II Offenses. These offenses accounted 
for 78 percent of the total Part II Offenses in 1986. 



Violent Crime 

Arrests for crimes of violence (Murder, Forcible Rape, 
Robbery and Aggravated Assault) on a statewide basis amounted to 



122 



24 percent of arrests for Crime Index Offenses and 6 percent of the 
total arrests in 1986, the same as in 1985. A further evaluation 
indicates that arrests for Robbery and Aggravated Assault were the 
most frequent, representing 30 and 60 percent respectively, of the 
total arrests for Violent Crimes. 



Property Crime 

Property Crime arrests (Breaking or Entering, Larceny- 
Theft and Motor Vehicle Theft) comprised 77 percent of all arrests 
for Crime Index Offenses and 19 percent of the total arrests in 
1986, as compared to 76 percent of all arrests for Crime Index 
Offenses and 19 percent of the total arrests in 1985. 

The highest percentage of Property Crime arrests, 62 per- 
cent, occurred in the Larceny category; in 1985, it was 63 percent 
of the total . 



Drug Abuse Violation Arrests 

Information pertaining to Drug Abuse Violation arrests is 
collected according to specific drug categories and whether the 
arrest was for Sale or Manufacture or Possession of the specific 
drug. During 1986, a total of 20,108 arrests for Drug Abuse Law 
Violations was reported, as compared to 1985 with 19,550 arrests, 
resulting in a 3 percent increase. 

Evaluation of data reported discloses that 32 percent of 
all persons arrested for Drug Abuse Violations were under 21 years 
of age. 33 percent of all persons arrested for Drug Abuse Violations 
were under 21 in 1985. 14 percent of the Drug Abuse Violation arrests 
were for persons under the age of 18 as compared to 15 percent in 1985 

Analysis of individual categories showed that the highest 
percentage of arrests, 49 percent, involved marijuana, as compared 
to 60 percent in 1985. 78 percent of the total Drug Abuse Arrests 
were for Possession while 22 percent were for Sale or Manufacture. 
In 1985, 68 percent were for Possession while 32 percent were for 
Sale or Manufacture. Possession of marijuana represented 38 percent 
of the total Drug Abuse arrests, as compared to 1985, with 46 percent 
of the total . 



123 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 

Opium/ Cocaine 4,695 7,205 5,504 4,416 3,186 3,163 

Marijuana 11,346 9,773 11,651 11,227 12,030 12,047 

Synthetic 892 1,378 873 741 711 756 

Other 1,526 1,752 1,522 1,532 1,372 1,452 

Total 18,459 20,108 19,550 17,916 17,299 17,418 



Gambling Arrests 

A total of 576 Gambling arrests were reported during 1986. 
In 1985, 581 persons were arrested for Gambling violations, resulting 
in a 1 percent decrease. 

Arrests for Gambling offenses amounted to .3 percent of all 
reported Part I and Part II arrests, the same as in 1985. Persons 
under the age of 18 made up 9 percent of all Gambling arrests compared 
to 8 percent in 1985. 







5 YEAR 


TREND 










5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


Bookmaking 


53 


70 


45 


61 


52 


37 


Numbers 


131 


95 


132 


76 


184 


170 


Other 


411 


411 


404 


490 


382 


367 


Total 


595 


576 


581 


627 


618 


574 


Total Arrest 


Comparison 












5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 



Juvenile 39,331 38,955 37,753 38,005 38,468 43,472 

Adult 172,031 180,902 171,646 166,832 169,963 170,814 

Total 211,362 219,857 209,399 204,837 208,431 214,286 



124 



ARRESTS 



JUVENILE 



7000 



650B-- 



60004- 



5500-- 



50004- 

HU MBER 

OF 4500-- 

ARRESTS 

40004- 



3500-- 



3000 



2500-- 



2000 



•• JUVENILE ARRESTS 1986 
- 5 YR. AUERAGE 








■I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 H 



Jan Feb Hap Apr May Jun Jul Ausr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



125 



ARRESTS 



ADULTS 



1800B-T 

•• ADULT ARRESTS 1986 
17000-f- - 5 VR. AVERAGE 

16080 



15000-- 



NUMBER 

OF 
ARRESTS 



14000-- 



13000-- 



12000-- 



1 1000- - 



10000-- 



'•000-t 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 f- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr Man Jun Jul Augr Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



126 



ARREST RATE 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 



1986 



1985 



1984 



1983 



1982 



MURDER 



8.8 



8.1 



9.2 



8.1 



10.1 



RAPE 



20.0 



19.9 



19.1 



19.7 



19.1 



22.0 



ROBBERY 

AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 

BREAKING OR 
ENTERING 



99.6 



84.7 



86.7 



97.3 112.3 117.0 



158.0 169.2 170.2 148.6 149.0 152.8 



251.7 230.1 242.9 243.8 254.9 287.0 



LARCENY 598.1 569.6 560.8 573.1 620.2 666.7 

85.7 118.1 92.9 80.5 68.2 69.0 



MOTOR VEHICLE 
THEFT 



CRIME INDEX 
TOTALS 1,221.9 1,200.3 1,180.7 1,172.2 1,231.7 1,324.4 

Arrest rates are a measure of law enforcement activity in response to crime 
The above table represents the Crime Index arrest rates per 100,000 inhabi- 
tants in Maryland. 



127 



ARRESTS 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



MALE 



WHITE 



BLACK 



AMERICAN 
INDIAN 



A', 1 1 II 



Murder & Nonnegl igent 
Manslaughter 

Manslaughter by 
Negl igence 



Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

Felonious Assault 

Breaking or Entering 

Larceny- The ft 

Motor Vehicle Theft 

Other Assaults 

Arson 

Forgery S Counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, 
Possessing 

Vandal ism 

Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 

Prostitution 8 Commercialized Vice 

Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice) 

Drug Abuse Violations 

Gambl ing 

Offenses Against Family 
and Children 

Driving under the Influence 

Liquor Laws 

Disorderly Conduct 

Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew & Loitering 
Law Violations 

Run-Aways 



345 

38 

882 

3,541 

6,365 

9,612 

18,814 

4,853 

19,023 

559 

663 

2,270 

238 

703 

5,130 

4,401 

509 

1,65 3 

16,906 

503 

1,036 

26,255 

3,946 

5,229 

278 

49,052 



41 

9 

7 

240 

1 ,186 

659 

6,607 

416 

3,702 

102 

338 

1,847 

124 

66 

598 

274 

764 

90 

3,202 

73 

108 

3,404 

650 

973 

19 

7,702 

33 

161 

1,763 



89 
35 



553 

2,126 

153 

203 

4,000 

2,297 

645 

1 ,002 

9,437 

168 



294 
12 



3,532 


3,973 


4,988 


5,235 


11,775 


13,418 


1,609 


3,640 


11,929 


10,697 



446 
1,982 

206 
562 
1 ,700 
2,344 
618 
730 



732 


411 


23,864 


5,583 


3,451 


1,133 



169 


33 


389 


293 


2,306 


637 



20 
29 



1 
6 


13 
12 



21 




3 



2 

3 

28 

28 

199 

16 

64 

2 

1 

3 



15 
22 



35 

1 
1 

185 

8 

21 

1 

189 
1 
2 



GRAND TOTAL 



184,699 



35,158 



123,191 



95,473 



326 



867 



129 



ARRESTS 





9 & 

Under 


10-12 


AGE 










A G 


E 










CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


Juvenile 
Total 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


Murder & Nonnegl igent 
Manslaughter 








3 


5 


10 


12 


30 


27 


28 


23 


12 


21 


28 


Manslaughter by Negligence 








2 





1 


1 


4 





6 


4 


5 





4 


Forcible Rape 


5 


13 


40 


33 


28 


50 


169 


42 


49 


29 


49 


40 


44 


Robbery 


8 


88 


252 


261 


276 


288 


1.173 


242 


250 


205 


186 


182 


179 


Felonious Assault 


41 


109 


296 


272 


340 


360 


1,418 


315 


278 


306 


325 


337 


349 


Breaking or Entering 


103 


319 


816 


668 


706 


735 


3,347 


714 


653 


524 


473 


429 


449 


Larceny- The ft 


258 


880 


1,922 


1,407 


1,649 


1,627 


7,743 


1,311 


1,174 


1.046 


1,028 


928 


916 


Motor Vehicle Theft 


8 


63 


478 


691 


743 


751 


2,734 


425 


361 


248 


192 


195 


150 


Other Assaults 


79 


296 


646 


515 


695 


708 


2,939 


760 


842 


904 


1,021 


1.071 


1,188 


Arson 


88 


50 


95 


36 


46 


40 


355 


32 


21 


17 


16 


14 


17 


Forgery & Counterfeiting 





1 


4 


13 


22 


30 


70 


41 


69 


43 


55 


48 


50 


Fraud 





4 


15 


15 


23 


41 


98 


53 


77 


104 


152 


203 


184 


Embezzlement 








1 





6 


14 


21 


16 


12 


24 


21 


17 


17 


Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 


1 


10 


48 


72 


98 


88 


317 


63 


52 


36 


35 


33 


20 


Vandal ism 


168 


392 


701 


510 


549 


526 


2,846 


292 


234 


194 


198 


170 


169 


Weapons; Carrying, 
Possessing, etc. 


3 


32 


140 


203 


230 


229 


837 


242 


269 


229 


252 


276 


234 


Prostitution and 
Commercialized Vice 





1 


9 


4 


14 


29 


57 


25 


38 


59 


50 


58 


68 


Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution I Commercialized Vice) 


25 


70 


120 


59 


73 


64 


411 


28 


47 


55 


64 


52 


45 


Drug Abuse Violations 


5 


31 


304 


512 


814 


1,116 


2,782 


1,113 


1,220 


1,220 


1,230 


1.199 


1 ,161 


Gambl ing 


1 





4 


16 


12 


18 


51 


28 


21 


24 


23 


21 


18 


Offenses Against Family 
and Children 


5 








6 


1 


2 


14 


1 


15 


33 


47 


55 


58 


Driving under the Influence 


7 





3 


12 


89 


227 


338 


579 


775 


922 


1,288 


1.333 


1.500 


Liquor Laws 





7 


82 


144 


306 


485 


1,024 


434 


432 


358 


248 


211 


197 


Disorderly Conduct 


12 


34 


154 


199 


272 


328 


999 


261 


282 


291 


305 


311 


294 


Vagrancy 


1 


1 


5 


2 


2 


9 


20 


18 


18 


14 


21 


8 


15 


All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 


148 


384 


1,102 


1.098 


1,327 


1,370 


5,429 


1.781 


2,305 


2.718 


2,811 


2.930 


2,993 


Suspicion 


4 


8 


14 


10 


24 


20 


80 


17 


9 


11 


6 


7 


6 


Curfew and Loitering 
Law Violations 


15 


36 


140 


164 


161 


168 


684 














Run-Aways 


26 


190 


861 


786 


688 


414 


2,965 















GRAND TOTAL 



1,011 3,019 8,257 7,713 9,205 9.750 38.955 8,860 9,537 9,641 10,113 10,149 10.353 



130 



ARRESTS 



AGE 



A G E 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



24 



25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 



65 I 

Over 



Adult 
Total 



TOTAL 



Murder & Nonnegligent 
Manslaughter 



Manslaughter by Negligence 

Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

Felonious Assault 

Breaking or Entering 

Larceny- Theft 

Motor Vehicle Theft 

Other Assaults 

Arson 

Forgery & Counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 



Weapons; Carrying, 
Possessing, etc. 

Prostitution and 
Commercialized Vice 

Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice) 



Drug Abuse Violations 



Gambl ing 

Offenses Against Family 
and Children 



Driving under the Influence 

Liquor Laws 

Disorderly Conduct 

Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and Loitering 
Law Violations 

Run-Aways 



173 

607 

1,417 

1,550 

3,869 

410 



40 

169 

25 

34 

150 

194 



117 
346 
876 
907 

2,773 
218 

3,221 
40 
149 



627 



1 ,695 



28 



652 



362 
528 



308 



154 



40 
366 
192 
821 

42 
1,136 

11 

40 



105 
200 



1,069 


4,412 


2,424 


1,340 


500 


10 


67 


33 


42 


58 


61 


2 35 


212 


185 


89 


1,476 


6,635 


4,683 


3,441 


2,328 


135 


583 


344 


249 


128 


254 


1,138 


704 


478 


277 


11 


54 


38 


29 


18 



23 
254 



29 



114 



130 



10 



29 
37 



69 



1 ,584 1 ,083 



208 161 

11 7 

2,756 12,126 8,043 5,361 2,928 1,852 1,097 



23 



12 



85 



33 
15 



105 



27 
20 



356 
43 



386 

47 



2,608 


3,781 


6,133 


7,551 


6,924 


10,271 



162 17,678 25,421 



19,786 22,725 



5 


4 


4 


306 


661 


10 


3 


3 


931 


1 ,001 


54 


26 


17 


4,019 


4,117 


5 





1 


341 


362 





2 


1 


452 


769 



2,882 
3,838 
1,216 
1,332 
17,326 



509 


369 


29,321 


21 


30 


3,572 


67 


67 


5,203 


6 


1 


277 


459 


415 


51,325 



5,728 



1,273 
1,743 

20,108 

626 

1 ,144 

29,659 



203 

684 

2,965 



GRAND TOTAL 



9,610 41,731 27,423 17, £ 



9,887 6;115 3,806 2,619 1,686 1,492 180,902 219,857 



131 



TABLES FOR ARRESTS BY REGION, COUNTY, AND 
AGENCY ARE CONTAINED IN THE SUPPLEMENT REPORT 
"MARYLAND ARREST DATA" 



132 



LAW 

ENFORCEMENT 

EMPLOYEE DATA 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

Six law enforcement officers were killed in Maryland during 
1986 while in the line of duty. The following summaries are based on 
information provided by the respective agencies and by the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation who conducts in-depth investigations into these 
tragic incidents in which law enforcement officers have made the supreme 
sacrifice in the performance of their duties. 

JANUARY 19, 1986 

Two Maryland State troopers were killed in the crash of a 
State Police MedEvac helicopter on January 19, 1986 at approximately 
4:30 A.M. The male pilot and female aviation trauma technician had 
flown a critically injured patient to University Hospital's Shock 
Trauma Unit and were returning to the helicopter's hangar at Freder- 
ick Airport. The crash occurred only minutes into the flight in a 
heavily wooded area of Leakin Park near the 1200 block of North 
Hilton Parkway in Baltimore City. The pilot was a nine-year veteran 
and the medic had six years of law enforcement experience. 

JUNE 12, 1986 

An officer, male aged 55, with Baltimore City Police Depart- 
ment died on July 21, 1986 as a result of injuries sustained in an 
incident which occurred on June 12, 1986 at approximatley 6:00 P.M. 
The 32-year-old male suspect, who was driving under the influence, 
failed to obey the officer's directions, turned the vehicle, and in- 
tentionally struck the victim officer. The suspect was arrested and 
charged with the officer's murder. 

SEPTEMBER 18, 1986 

On September 18, 1986 a 54-year-old male officer with the 
Maryland Toll Facilities Police was shot and killed at approximately 
8:30 P.M. while responding to a one vehicle traffic accident. Upon 
arriving at the scene, the officer was advised by a Havre de Grace 
Police Department officer that the vehicle involved was stolen and 
abandoned. The victim officer observed a male walking on the highway 
nearby and picked up the suspect to return him to the accident scene. 
The suspect was sitting in the back seat of the patrol unit and alle- 
gedly shot the 19-year veteran in the rear head with a .38-caliber 
handgun. Three Havre de Grace officers also received gunshot wounds 
from the suspect during an extensive 10 hour search. The 29-year-old 
suspect was subsequently arrested and charged with murder. 



135 



SEPTEMBER 20, 1986 

A 23-year-old male officer with the Baltimore City Police 
Department died from injuries he received on September 20, 1986, while 
investigating a minor traffic accident in southwest Baltimore. As he 
was interviewing the drivers of the damaged vehicles, a small pick-up 
truck came around a nearby curve, speeding towards them, out of control. 
The officer pushed the citizens out of the path of the oncoming truck. 
The truck crossed over the center line, hitting the police car and 
then the officer, before overturning. The two citizens rushed to assist 
the officer who, just moments before, saved their lives. The officer's 
injuries were so serious that responding paramedics, administering first 
aid, could not restore life. The officer, who had just 9 months experi- 
ence, died at the scene. The driver of the pick-up truck was charged 
with Driving While Intoxicated, Speeding, Failure to Keep Right of Cen- 
ter, Automobile Manslaughter and Homicide with a Motor Vehicle. 



NOVEMBER 5, 1986 

A 46-year-old male officer with the Baltimore County Police 
Department suffered fatal injuries on November 5, 1986. The officer 
had exited his vehicle to check some businesses on the opposite side 
of the street. He was struck by a vehicle as he crossed the street 
on this dark and rainy evening. He was taken to the hospital where he 
died November 14, 1986 from the injuries he sustained in this accident 
An investigation of the accident failed to find any reason to charge 
the operator of the motor vehicle. The officer was an 18-year veteran 
of the force. 



136 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ASSAULTED 

The following information is based on a detailed monthly 
collection of data in the Uniform Crime Reporting System regarding 
the problem of assaults on local, county and state law enforcement 
officers. The large number of reported assaults on sworn officers 
is in part due to a prevalent attitude of disrespect for law enforce- 
ment in certain elements of our society. 

A total of 4,168 law enforcement officers in Maryland were 
victims of assault in the line of duty during 1986, as compared to 
3,969 assaults during 1985, resulting in a 5 percent increase. 

The rate of assaults on law enforcement officers for the 
state was 36 assaults for every 100 sworn officers, as compared to 
35 assaults per 100 sworn officers in 1985. 

Physical force was used in 88 percent of all assaults on 
police officers. 

The greatest number of assaults (1,507) or 36 percent, 
occurred while officers were responding to disturbance calls (family 
disputes, man with a gun, etc.). 19 percent of assaults on police 
officers occurred between 12:01 A.M. and 2:00 A.M. 

A total of 4,168 assaults on law enforcement officers were 
cleared during 1986, amounting to a 98 percent clearance rate. 

5 YEAR TREND 

INJURY VS NON-INJURY 







5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


No Personal 
Injury 


3,202 


3,419 


3,227 


3,063 


3,087 


3,212 


Personal 
Injury 




702 


749 


742 


714 


643 


664 


Total 
1 




3,904 


4,168 


3,969 


3,777 


3,730 


3,876 


1 






WEAPONS 








Firearm 




140 


119 


138 


161 


138 


144 


Knife 




74 


60 


67 


55 


88 


101 


Other 




268 


324 


245 


265 


238 


270 


Physical 


Force 


3,421 


3,665 


3,519 


3,296 


3,266 


3,361 


Total 




3,903 


4,168 


3,969 


3,777 


3,730 


3,876 



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148 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 

Police Employee Data 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program in Maryland incorpor- 
ates the collection of pertinent data relating to the police of the 
State. Information regarding police employee strength is discussed 
in this section. 

This information is submitted by county, municipal, and 
state law enforcement agencies and compiled on an annual basis. Spe- 
cific information concerning the number of law enforcement employees 
reflects the status as of October 31, 1986. 

Law Enforcement Employee Rates 

In 1986, the average number of full-time law enforcement 
employees (county, municipal and state) including civilian employees, 
amounted to 3.3 for each 1,000 inhabitants of the State. The rate 
based on sworn personnel only (excluding civilians), amounted to 2.6 
per 1,000 population. In 1985, the average number of full-time law 
enforcement employees amounted to 3.3 for each 1,000 inhabitants and 
2.6 sworn personnel per 1,000 inhabitants of the State. 

The ratio of law enforcement employees per 1,000 population 
in any given area or municipality is influenced by a number of factors, 
much the same as the crime rate. The determination of law enforcement 
strength for a given county or municipality is based on factors such 
as population density, size and character of the community, geographic 
location, proximity to metropolitan areas, and other conditions which 
exist in the area generating the need for law enforcement services. 
Employee rates also differ among agencies since, in particular, there 
is a wide variation in the responsibilities and level of activity within 
various law enforcement agencies. The information in this section re- 
lates to reported police employee strength and should not be interpreted 
as recommended strength for any area. 

Civilian Employees 

The personnel of each law enforcement agency differ as to the 
demands and responsibilities placed before them. Many police officers 
are fully occupied with clerical tasks and are not free to perform 
active police duties. Some police administrators use civilians in this 
capacity, thus freeing the sworn personnel for actual police related 
services. 

As of October 31, 1986, 3,176 or 21 percent of the total 
number of police employees in Maryland were civilians. 



149 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 



REGION I 



Caroline County 
Cecil County 
Dorchester County 
Kent County 
Queen Anne' s County 
Somerset County 
Talbot County 
Wicomico County 
Worcester County 



NUMBER SWORN 


**RATE 


773 


2.4 


42 


1.7 


142 


2.3 


79 


2.6 


34 


2.0 


55 


1.9 


37 


1 .9 


73 


2.7 


158 


2.3 


153 


4.5 



REGION II 



292 



1.5 



Calvert County 
Charles County 
St. Mary's County 



65 

149 

78 



1 .6 
1.8 
1.2 



REGION III 



709 



1.6 



Allegany County 
Carroll County 
Frederick County 
Garrett County 
Washington County 



154 
150 
192 
39 
174 



2.0 
1.4 
1.5 
1.4 
1.5 



REGION IV 



2,544 



1.9 



Montgomery County 
Pr. George 1 s County 



1 ,039 
1 ,505 



1.6 
2.2 



REGION V 



6,737 



3.1 



Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel County 
Baltimore County 
Harford County 
Howard County 



3,277 
755 

2,019 
318 
368 



4.2 
1.9 
2.9 
2.1 
2.6 



PARKS 



669 



STATE TOTAL 



*Number sworn persons only 
**Rate per 1,000 population 



11 ,724 



2.6 



150 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



REGION I 


985 


773 


212 


808 


177 


CAROLINE COUNTY 


70 


42 


28 


59 


11 


Denton 


6 


6 





6 





Federal sburg 


6 


6 





6 





Greensboro 


2 


2 





2 





Preston 


2 


2 





2 





Ridgely 


2 


2 





2 





Sheriff's Dept. 


41 


13 


28 


32 


9 


State Police 


11 


11 





9 


2 


CECIL COUNTY 


176 


142 


34 


149 


27 


Chesapeake City 


2 


2 





1 


1 


Elkton 


22 


18 


4 


18 


4 


North East 


5 


4 


1 


4 


1 


Port Deposit 


3 


2 


1 


2 


1 


Rising Sun 


4 


3 


1 


3 


1 


Sheriff's Dept. 


23 


21 


2 


19 


4 


State Police 


117 


92 


25 


102 


15 


DORCHESTER COUNTY 


38 


79 


9 


79 


9 


Cambridge 


42 


33 


9 


37 


5 


Hurlock 


5 


5 





5 





Sheriff's Dept. 


29 


29 





26 


3 


State Police 


12 


12 





11 


1 



KENT COUNTY 47 34 13 35 12 



Chestertown 


10 


9 


1 


10 





Rock Hall 


5 


5 





4 


1 


Sheriff's Dept. 


24 


12 


12 


15 


9 


State Police 


8 


8 





6 


2 



QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY 63 55 8 56 



Centreville 


7 


7 





7 





Sheriff's Dept. 


10 


10 





10 





State Police 


46 


38 


8 


39 


7 



151 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



SOMERSET COUNTY 



39 



37 



34 



Crisfield 8 


7 


1 


7 


1 


Princess Anne 3 


3 





2 


1 


Univ. of Md.- East. Shore 11 


10 


1 


9 


2 


Sheriff's Dept. 4 


4 





3 


1 


State Police 13 


13 





13 






TALBOT COUNTY 



111 



73 



38 



86 



25 



Easton 


36 


25 


11 


27 


9 


Oxford 


2 


2 





2 





St. Michaels 


5 


5 





4 


1 


Sheriff's Dept. 


22 


9 


13 


14 


8 


State Police 


46 


32 


14 


39 


7 



WICOMICO COUNTY 199 158 

Del mar 7 6 

Fruitland 6 5 

Salisbury 58 47 

Salisbury St. College 16 14 

Sheriff's Dept. 32 26 

State Police 80 60 



41 

1 
1 

11 
2 
6 

20 



160 



39 



7 





5 


1 


45 


13 


13 


3 


25 


7 


65 


15 



WORCESTER COUNTY 

Berl in 
Ocean City 
Ocean Pines 
Pocomoke City 
Snow Hill 
Sheriff's Dept, 
State Police 



REGION II 

CALVERT COUNTY 

North Beach 
Sheriff's Dept, 
State Police 



192 



153 



39 



150 



42 



8 


7 


91 


72 


14 


14 


16 


11 


6 


6 


20 


17 


37 


26 


338 


292 


68 


65 


8 


8 


24 


22 


36 


35 



1 


7 


1 


19 


70 


21 





8 


6 


5 


12 


4 





6 





3 


17 


3 


11 


30 


7 


46 


295 


43 


3 


64 


4 





8 





2 


21 


3 


1 


35 


1 



152 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



NUMBER 
MALE 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



CHARLES COUNTY 



176 



149 



27 



152 



24 



La Plata 


1 


1 





1 





Sheriff's Dept. 


123 


106 


17 


105 


18 


State Police 


52 


42 


10 


46 


6 



ST. MARY'S COUNTY 

St. Mary' s College 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



94 



78 



16 



79 



15 



8 


8 





6 


2 


46 


41 


5 


39 


7 


40 


29 


11 


34 


6 



GION III 


919 


709 


210 


774 


145 


ALLEGANY COUNTY 


188 


154 


34 


168 


20 


Cumberland 


57 


50 


7 


51 


6 


Frostburg 


18 


14 


4 


16 


2 


Frostburg St. College 


19 


18 


1 


17 


2 


Lonaconing 


2 


2 





2 





Luke 


2 


2 





2 





We stern port 


4 


4 





4 





State's Att. Office 


8 


1 


7 


4 


4 


Sheriff's Dept. 


18 


17 


1 


17 


1 


State Police 


60 


46 


14 


55 


5 



CARROLL COUNTY 



177 



150 



27 



146 



31 



Hampstead 


1 


1 





1 





Manchester 


3 


3 





2 


1 


New Windsor 


1 


1 





1 





Sykesville 


6 


5 


1 


3 


3 


Taneytown 


6 


5 


1 


5 


1 


Westminster 


31 


25 


6 


24 


7 


Sheriff's Dept. 


23 


21 


2 


19 


4 


State Police 


106 


89 


17 


91 


15 



FREDERICK COUNTY 

Brunswick 
Frederick 
Thurmont 



232 



192 



40 



190 



42 



10 


9 


1 


9 


1 


82 


69 


13 


60 


22 


4 


4 





4 






153 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



FREDERICK COUNTY 
(Cont'd) 

Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



TOTAL 



46 
90 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



39 
71 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



7 
19 



NUMBER 
MALE 



38 
79 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



8 
11 



GARRETT COUNTY 



48 



39 



43. 



Oakland 


5 


4 


1 


4 


1 


Sheriff's Dept. 


24 


17 


7 


22 


2 


State Pol ice 


19 


18 


1 


17 


2 



WASHINGTON COUNTY 



274 



174 



100 



227 



47 



Hagerstown 


105 


82 


23 


86 


19 


Hancock 


5 


4 


1 


4 


1 


Smithsburg 


1 


1 





1 





Sheriff's Dept. 


102 


39 


63 


81 


21 


State Police 


61 


48 


13 


55 


6 


REGION IV 


3,254 


2,544 


710 


2,476 


778 


MONTGOMERY COUNTY 


1,280 


1 ,039 


241 


987 


302 


Chevy Chase 


8 


8 





8 





Gaithersburg 


10 


9 


1 


8 


2 


Md. Nat. Cap. Park 


71 


58 


13 


58 


13 


Montgomery Co. 


979 


790 


189 


743 


236 


Rockville 


43 


29 


14 


30 


13 


Takoma Park 


42 


33 


9 


30 


12 


Sheriff's Dept. 


74 


71 


3 


58 


16 


State Police 


53 


41 


12 


43 


10 


PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 


1 ,974 


1,505 


469 


1 ,498 


476 


Berwyn Heights 


2 


1 


1 


2 





Bladensburg 


18 


14 


4 


13 


5 


Bowie State College 


15 


10 


5 


11 


4 


Capitol Heights 


4 


3 


1 


3 


1 


Cheverly 


9 


8 


1 


7 


2 


Colmar Manor 


1 


1 








1 


Cottage City 


8 


6 


2 


6 


2 


District Heights 


10 


9 


1 


9 


1 



154 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 












(Cont'd) 












Edmonston 


4 


4 





4 





Fairmount Heights 


1 


1 





1 





Forest Heights 


7 


6 


1 


6 


1 


Glenarden 


3 


2 


1 


2 


1 


Greenbelt 


55 


42 


13 


41 


14 


Hyatt svi lie 


27 


19 


8 


21 


6 


Landover Hills 


2 


2 





2 





Laurel 


49 


37 


12 


42 


7 


Md. Nat. Cap. Park 


82 


71 


11 


63 


19 


Morningside 


3 


3 





3 





Mt. Rainier 


13 


10 


3 


10 


3 


Pr. George's Co. 


1 ,256 


939 


317 


938 


318 


Riverdale 


15 


10 


5 


10 


5 


Univ. of Md.-C.P. 


70 


60 


10 


53 


17 


University Park 


7 


7 





7 





Upper Marlboro 


1 


1 





1 





Sheriff's Dept. 


185 


142 


43 


140 


45 


State Police 


127 


97 


30 


103 


24 


REGION V 


8,171 


6,737 


1 ,434 


6,609 


1,562 


BALTIMORE CITY 


3,873 


3,277 


596 


3,192 


681 


Baltimore City 


3,493 


2,976 


517 


2,880 


613 


Coppin State Univ. 


15 


14 


1 


12 


3 


Morgan State Univ. 


29 


24 


5 


23 


6 


Mass Transit Admin. 


65 


62 


3 


56 


9 


Univ. of Balto. 


19 


8 


11 


12 


7 


Univ. of Md. at Balto. 106 


57 


49 


79 


27 


Sheriff's Dept. 


131 


122 


9 


116 


15 


State Police 


15 


14 


1 


14 


1 



ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 



974 



755 



219 



755 



219 



Annapolis 


129 


99 


30 


94 


35 


Anne Arundel Co. 


621 


476 


145 


483 


138 


Sheriff's Dept. 


24 


24 





21 


3 


State Police 


200 


156 


44 


157 


43 



BALTIMORE COUNTY 



2,481 2,019 



462 1 ,985 



496 



Baltimore Co. 
Md. Port Admin 



1,604 
78 



1,453 
73 



151 
5 



1 ,385 
62 



219 
16 



155 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



NUMBER NUMBER 
MALE FEMALE 



BALTIMORE COUNTY 
(Cont'd) 

Sparrows Point 
Towson State Univ. 
Univ. of Md.-Balto.Co. 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



16 


15 


1 


15 


1 


33 


28 


5 


24 


9 


25 


18 


7 


21 


4 


48 


44 


4 


37 


11 


677 


388 


289 


441 


236 



HARFORD COUNTY 



354 



318 



36 



286 



68 



Aberdeen 


35 


29 


6 


27 


8 


Bel Air 


31 


23 


8 


22 


9 


Havre de Grace 


27 


21 


6 


19 


8 


Sheriff's Dept. 


182 


182 





150 


32 


State Police 


79 


63 


16 


68 


11 


WARD COUNTY 


489 


368 


121 


391 


98 


Howard Co. 


265 


209 


56 


209 


56 


Sheriff's Dept. 


24 


20 


4 


16 


8 


State Police 


200 


139 


61 


166 


34 



PARKS & TOLLS 

Md. Alcohol Tax Enf. 
Md. Park Service 
Md. Toll Facilities 
Natural Resources 
State Fire Marshal 



1,233 



669 



564 



1 ,029 



204 



14 


13 


1 


12 


2 


630 


151 


479 


554 


76 


296 


263 


33 


203 


93 


247 


209 


38 


223 


24 


46 


33 


13 


37 


9 



MARYLAND TOTALS 



14,900 11,724 3,176 11,991 2,909 



156 



I 



10 YEAR COUNTY TREND 







1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 












Caroline 














Population 




24,223 


23,832 


23,838 


23,762 


23,550 


23,528 


23,148 


22,534 


22,593 


22,600 


Index Crime 




677 


567 


505 


656 


722 


779 


627 


683 


481 


481 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


42 


45 


48 


42 


38 


43 


42 


'37 


35 


35 












Cecil 














Population 




67,238 


66,143 


64,216 


61,713 


61,157 


61,099 


60,113 


56,486 


55,194 


54,901 


Index Crime 




2,167 


2,099 


2,068 


2,231 


2,373 


2,572 


2,390 


2,403 


2,006 


2,157 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


142 


152 


153 


112 


167 


150 


154 


155 


158 


188 












Dorchester 














Population 




30,693 


30,194 


30,863 


31 ,361 


31,079 


31 ,050 


30,549 


30,647 


30,124 


29,991 


Index Crime 




1,330 


1,241 


1,082 


1 ,187 


1,490 


1,517 


1 ,411 


1 ,305 


1 ,133 


1 ,223 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


79 


59 


61 


65 


61 


61 


64 


64 


65 


63 












Kent 














Population 




17,127 


16,864 


16,877 


17,124 


16,970 


16,954 


16,680 


16,225 


16,647 


16,200 


Index Crime 




536 


537 


546 


502 


599 


581 


609 


512 


446 


389 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


34 


30 


29 


28 


29 


28 


29 


26 


24 


26 












Queen Anne 














Population 




28,420 


27,972 


27,090 


26,199 


25,963 


25,939 


25,520 


23,836 


22,394 


20,200 


Index Crime 




741 


829 


758 


770 


760 


814 


828 


679 


625 


611 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


55 


50 


50 


53 


43 


49 


52 


45 


44 


43 












Somerset 














Population 




19,147 


18,884 


18,973 


19,547 


19,372 


19,353 


19,041 


19,129 


20,016 


19,624 


Index Crime 




648 


569 


491 


492 


580 


697 


715 


606 


560 


523 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


37 


44 


44 


43 


46 


50 


50 


50 


53 


51 












Talbot 














Population 




27,524 


27,063 


26,695 


26,174 


25,939 


25,914 


25,496 


26,841 


26,259 


25,970 


Index Crime 




1,063 


922 


912 


870 


959 


1,113 


975 


1,059 


996 


968 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


73 


78 


78 


85 


79 


79 


85 


83 


83 


56 












Wicomico 














Population 




67,740 


66,648 


66,574 


66,705 


66,102 


66,040 


64,974 


60,974 


60,743 


60,281 


Index Crime 




3,720 


3,250 


2,795 


2,948 


3,590 


3,658 


3,842 


3,356 


3,026 


2,897 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


158 


157 


158 


159 


152 


155 


142 


127 


126 


124 












Worcester 














Population 




34,294 


33,728 


31 ,953 


31 ,109 


30,829 


30,800 


30,303 


27,842 


27,845 


26,703 


Index Crime 




3,522 


3,078 


2,675 


2,586 


2,801 


3,066 


3,125 


3,374 


2,659 


2,459 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


153 


156 


152 


154 


147 


146 


145 


133 


130 


126 












Calvert 














Population 




40,299 


39,686 


36,985 


35,222 


34,904 


34,871 


34,308 


31 ,548 


30,223 


27,500 


Index Crime 




1 ,173 


1,171 


964 


886 


1,074 


1 ,267 


1 ,231 


969 


778 


788 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


65 


63 


64 


63 


62 


59 


55 


53 


55 


61 



157 



COUNTY TRENDS 







1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 












Charles 














Population 




89,937 


82,603 


79,140 


74,271 


73.599 


73,530 


72,343 


67,202 


66,193 


64,900 


Index Crime 




3,319 


2,988 


2,964 


2,773 


3.129 


3,360 


3,298 


3,254 


2,610 


2.264 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


149 


150 


163 


157 


153 


151 


140 


118 


114 


109 












St. Mary's 














Population 




65,135 


64,123 


62,450 


61,393 


60,837 


60,780 


59,799 


54,182 


53,509 


53,400 


Index Crime 




1,927 


1,879 


1,760 


1,596 


1 ,326 


2,086 


2,029 


2,115 


1,902 


1,838 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


78 


76 


77 


76 


74 


75 


75 


72 


71 


72 












Allegany 














Population 




78,947 


77,655 


80,835 


82,605 


81,858 


81,781 


80,461 


79,721 


79,966 


82,102 


Index Crime 




2,006 


1,795 


1,857 


1,948 


2,189 


2,473 


2,474 


2,322 


2,131 


2,211 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


154 


157 


164 


166 


174 


174 


177 


182 


178 


175 












Carroll 














Population 




107,514 


105,829 


102,737 


98,637 


97,748 


97,657 


96,080 


92,641 


89.083 


86,000 


Index Crime 




2,608 


2,098 


2,321 


2,182 


2,459 


2,635 


2,878 


2,629 


1,968 


1,822 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


150 


151 


159 


161 


138 


136 


129 


125 


122 


119 












Frederick 














Population 




127,271 


125,217 


122,120 


116,534 


115,529 


115,420 


113,557 


108,064 


103,748 


99,538 


Index Crime 




3,908 


3,952 


3,960 


4,170 


4,361 


4,696 


4,457 


4,105 


3,448 


3,306 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


192 


190 


191 


181 


189 


189 


205 


185 


171 


172 












Garrett 














Population 




27,553 


27,164 


27,369 


27,207 


26,962 


26,937 


26,502 


25,939 


25,664 


24.810 


Index Crime 




616 


495 


618 


639 


644 


707 


675 


598 


514 


476 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


39 


41 


39 


39 


43 


43 


45 


40 


35 


33 












Washington 














Population 




114,891 


113,100 


113,834 


115,768 


114,722 


114,614 


112,764 


109,767 


109,397 


111,000 


Index Crime 




3,040 


2,914 


2,799 


3.174 


3.367 


3,876 


3,910 


3,552 


3.464 


3,557 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


174 


167 


160 


174 


173 


180 


190 


183 


182 


178 












Montgomery 














Population 




640.356 


630,126 


605,398 


589,400 


584,061 


583,513 


574,093 


576.776 


582,458 


575,310 


Index Crime 




27.105 


26.182 


24,253 


23,368 


27,500 


30,961 


31.474 


30,242 


26,034 


24.806 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


1,039 


991 


989 


1,028 


1 ,011 


954 


964 


937 


964 


982 










Pr. George's 












Population 




693.240 


682,233 


681 ,610 


675.231 


669,127 


668,499 


657.707 


663,207 


671,342 


675.500 


Index Crime 




45,385 


42,854 


39,478 


41,112 


46,976 


52,832 


51,762 


49,087 


47,326 


46.559 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


1,505 


1,463 


1,436 


1 .391 


1.385 


1,337 


1,329 


1.311 


1.334 


1.468 










Baltimore City 












Population 




783.542 


771,097 


788,604 


805.527 


791.175 


797.429 


784,554 


790.901 


781.730 


827.494 


Index Crime 




67.345 


67.375 


66,877 


70.080 


74,212 


79,102 


78,184 


74,909 


70.533 


68.310 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


3.277 


3.272 


3.336 


3.056 


3,307 


3.273 


3,407 


3,385 


3.505 


3.666 



158 



COUNTY TRENDS 







1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 










Anne Arunde 


L 












Population 




399,108 


392,718 


388,659 


379,967 


376,525 


376,172 


370,099 


361,749 


363,169 


347,538 


Index Crime 




19,715 


17,148 


16,955 


16,894 


18,775 


20,435 


20,316 


17,453 


17,119 


18,496 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


755 


787 


803 


780 


771 


744 


704 


677 


667 


650 










Bal 


t i more County 












Population 




690,668 


679,708 


671 ,586 


668,705 


662,646 


662,025 


651,337 


639,872 


641,120 


643,363 


Index Crime 




43,228 


39,861 


38,577 


38,774 


43,817 


47,183 


46,638 


43,265 


38,967 


38,261 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


2,019 


1,876 


1,834 


1,877 


1,981 


1,934 


2,006 


1,964 


1 ,940 


1,871 












Harford 














Population 




154,882 


152,381 


151,550 


148,188 


146,846 


146,708 


144,340 


146,422 


146,556 


140,650 


Index Crime 




5,426 


4,782 


4,409 


4,292 


5,179 


5,887 


6,119 


5,792 


5,710 


5,791 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


318 


319 


309 


363 


285 


282 


271 


284 


271 


268 












Howard 














Population 




139,251 


137,032 


129,114 


121,601 


120,500 


120,387 


118,443 


116,777 


117,027 


103,425 


Index Crime 




8,086 


7,227 


6,609 


5,744 


6,079 


6,481 


6,986 


6,221 


5,659 


5,119 


Sworn Law Enforcement 


Officers 


368 


344 


276 


303 


277 


262 


264 


233 


214 


210 



159 



DO NOT CIRCULATE 



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